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CanMEDS Acknowledgments

Since it was developed in the 1990s, CanMEDS has been a truly collaborative effort involving extensive empirical research and wide consultation. We gratefully acknowledge the many contributors to the 1996, 2005 and 2015 versions of the CanMEDS Framework.

The Royal College is delighted to be a co-chair of the CanMEDS Consortium, a collaboration of 13 national and provincial health care organizations in Canada. Ensuring Canadian doctors have access to the world’s best training model for patient care — the CanMEDS Framework — is their shared priority. We are truly grateful to these organizations for pledging to embed the CanMEDS Framework in their respective areas of work across the continuum of a Canadian doctor’s education and career. This collaboration is unprecedented and represents a major step forward for the profession.

Acknowledgements — The CanMEDS 2015 Physician Competency Framework

The Royal College mission could not be accomplished without the unwavering support of the hundreds of medical educators, practising physicians and specialists, residents, committee members and staff. We would like to recognize the hundreds of volunteers who have served on the CanMEDS working groups over the past two years. As a result of their efforts, the CanMEDS Framework has been updated and revised, thus enhancing future learning and assessment of the CanMEDS competencies. The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada wishes to gratefully acknowledge the following individuals who made invaluable contributions to this project:

Key Contributors

EXPERT WORKING GROUPS

With input from key partners, the Royal College assembled 11 Expert Working Groups (EWGs) to examine the seven core CanMEDS domains; of these groups, four focused on distinct aspects of the Scholar domain and two focused on aspects of the Professional domain. All of the groups were advised by two additional EWGs on integrating new content related to patient safety and quality improvement and to eHealth respectively across the seven CanMEDS Roles.

Each EWG was composed of medical educators and practising physicians from a range of specialties (i.e., representatives from the College of Family Physicians of Canada, Collège des médecins du Québec and Royal College) and provinces. Students and trainees were included wherever possible. The EWGs were tasked with:

  • reviewing the CanMEDS 2005 Framework to identify concepts potentially requiring clarification or modification, as well as any gaps or redundancies in the competencies;
  • incorporating new themes such as patient safety, quality improvement and eHealth into the framework;
  • developing draft milestones for each CanMEDS Role;
  • ensuring that the framework is practical and useful for education across the continuum; and
  • acting on feedback from consultations and integrating relevant content into the revised CanMEDS Framework.

MEDICAL EXPERT

Chair

  • Dr. Farhan Bhanji, McGill University

Core members

  • Dr. Kathy Lawrence, College of Family Physicians of Canada
  • Dr. Mark Goldszmidt, University of Western Ontario
  • Dr. Mark Walton, McMaster University
  • Dr. Kenneth Harris, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada
  • Dr. David Creery, University of Ottawa
  • Dr. Jonathan Sherbino, McMaster University
  • Dr. Louis-George Ste-Marie, Université de Montréal
  • Dr. Antonia Stang, University of Calgary

Advisory

  • Dr. Ivy F Oandasan, College of Family Physicians of Canada

Project coordinator

  • Marvel Sampson

COMMUNICATOR

Chair

  • Dr. Alan Neville, McMaster University

Core members

  • Dr. Wayne Weston, University of Western Ontario
  • Dr. Dawn Martin, University of Toronto
  • Dr. Louise Samson, Collège des médecins du Québec
  • Dr. Perle Feldman, College of Family Physicians of Canada
  • Dr. Gordon Wallace, Canadian Medical Protective Association
  • Dr. Olivier Jamoulle, Université de Montréal
  • Dr. José François, University of Manitoba
  • Dr. Marie-Thérèse Lussier, Université de Montréal
  • Dr. Sue Dojeiji, University of Ottawa

Advisory

  • Dr. Judy Brown, College of Family Physicians of Canada
  • Dr. Erin Keely, University of Ottawa
  • Dr. Suzanne Kurtz, University of Calgary (Emerita)
  • Ms. Abigail Hain, Canadian Patient Safety Institute

Project coordinators

  • Cynthia Abbott
  • Ginette Bourgeois

COLLABORATOR

Chair

  • Dr. Denyse Richardson, University of Toronto

Core members

  • Dr. Lisa Calder, University of Ottawa
  • Dr. Heather Dean, University of Manitoba
  • Dr. Susan Glover Takahashi, University of Toronto
  • Dr. Paule Lebel, Université de Montréal
  • Dr. Jerry Maniate, University of Toronto
  • Dr. Dawn Martin, University of Toronto
  • Dr. Louise Nasmith, College of Family Physicians of Canada
  • Dr. Christie Newton, College of Family Physicians of Canada
  • Dr. Yvonne Steinert, McGill University Advisory
  • Dr. Amir Ginzburg, University of Toronto
  • Dr. Ivy F Oandasan, College of Family Physicians of Canada
  • Dr. Sharon Switzer-McIntyre, University of Toronto

Project coordinator

  • Wendy Jemmett

LEADER (was Manager)

Chairs

  • Dr. Deepak Dath, McMaster University
  • Dr. Ming-Ka Chan, University of Manitoba

Core members

  • Dr. Geoffrey Anderson, University of Toronto
  • Dr. Andrew Burke, University of Western Ontario
  • Dr. Saleem Razack, McGill University
  • Dr. Susan Lieff, University of Toronto
  • Dr. Geneviève Moineau, Association of Faculties of Medicine of Canada
  • Dr. Aaron Chiu, University of Manitoba
  • Dr. Philip Ellison, College of Family Physicians of Canada

Advisory

  • Dr. David Snadden, University of British Columbia
  • Mr. Hugh MacLeod, Canadian Patient Safety Institute
  • Dr. Sherissa Microys, University of Ottawa
  • Dre Marie-Josée Bédard, Université of Montréal
  • Dr. Joshua Tepper, Health Quality Ontario
  • Dr. Louis-André Lacasse, Université de Montréal
  • Dr. Hema Patel, McGill University

Project coordinators

  • Cynthia Abbott
  • Mélanie Agnew
  • Ginette Bourgeois

HEALTH ADVOCATE

Chair

  • Dr. Jonathan Sherbino, McMaster University

Core members

  • Dr. Deirdre Bonnycastle, University of Saskatchewan
  • Dr. Brigitte Côté, Université de Montréal
  • Dr. Leslie Flynn, Queen’s University
  • Dr. Andrea Hunter, McMaster University
  • Dr. Daniel Ince-Cushman, College of Family Physicians of Canada
  • Dr. Jill Konkin, University of Alberta
  • Dr. Ivy F Oandasan, College of Family Physicians of Canada
  • Dr. Glenn Regehr, University of British Columbia
  • Dr. Denyse Richardson, University of Toronto
  • Dr. Jean Zigby, College of Family Physicians of Canada

Advisory

  • Dr. Marcia Clark, University of Calgary
  • Dr. Sherissa Microys, University of Ottawa

Project coordinator

  • Marvel Sampson

SCHOLAR

Chairs

  • Dr. Denyse Richardson, University of Toronto
  • Dr. Anna Oswald, University of Alberta Scholar – Lifelong Learning Chair

Core members

  • Dr. Nathalie Caire Fon, Université de Montréal
  • Dr. Craig Campbell, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada
  • Dr. Ian Goldstine, College of Family Physicians of Canada
  • Ms. Jennifer Gordon, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada
  • Dr. Jocelyn Lockyer, University of Calgary
  • Dr. Karen Mann, Dalhousie University
  • Dr. John Parboosingh, University of Calgary
  • Dr. Mithu Sen, University of Western Ontario
  • Dr. Ivan Silver, University of Toronto Advisory
  • Dr. Robert Bluman, University of British Columbia
  • Dr. Dave Davis, Association of American Medical Colleges
  • Dr. François Goulet, Collège des médecins du Québec
  • Dr. Brenna Lynn, University of British Columbia
  • Dr. Jamie Meuser, College of Family Physicians of Canada
  • Dr. Brian M Wong, University of Toronto

Project coordinator

  • Wendy Jemmett

Scholar – Teacher

Chairs

  • Dr. Anna Oswald, University of Alberta
  • Dr. Ming-Ka Chan, University of Manitoba

Core members

  • Dr. Karen Mann, Dalhousie University
  • Dr. Wayne Weston, University of Western Ontario
  • Dr. Elisa Ruano Cea, McGill University
  • Dr. Constance LeBlanc, Dalhousie University
  • Dr. Farhan Bhanji, McGill University
  • Dr. James Goertzen, College of Family Physicians of Canada
  • Dr. Jennifer Walton, University of Alberta
  • Dr. Marcia Clark, University of Calgary
  • Dr. Brian M Wong, University of Toronto

Advisory

  • Dr. Nick Busing, Future of Medical Education in Canada Postgraduate
  • Dr. Sal Spadafora, University of Toronto
  • Dr. Allyn Walsh, College of Family Physicians of Canada
  • Dr. Chris Watling, University of Western Ontario

Project coordinator

  • Ginette Bourgeois
  • Marvel Sampson

Scholar – Critical Appraisal

Chair

  • Dr. Eddy S Lang, University of Calgary

Core members

  • Dr. Martin Dawes, University of British Columbia
  • Dr. Roland Grad, McGill University
  • Dr. Brian Haynes, McMaster University
  • Dr. Jim Henderson, McGill University
  • Ms. Lorie Kloda, McGill University
  • Ms. Susan Powelson, University of Calgary

Advisory

  • Dr. Lisa Calder, University of Ottawa
  • Dr. Julien Poitras, Université Laval
  • Dr. Kent Stobart, University of Alberta

Project coordinators

  • Ginette Bourgeois
  • Cynthia MacLachlan Shelley Murdock

Scholar – Research

Chair

  • Dr. Bart J Harvey, University of Toronto

Core members

  • Dr. Stacy Ackroyd-Stolarz, Dalhousie University
  • Dr. Tanya Horsley, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada
  • Dr. Vivian R Ramsden, College of Family Physicians of Canada
  • Dr. David Streiner, University of Toronto

Project coordinator

  • Wendy Jemmett

PROFESSIONAL

Chairs

  • Dr. Linda Snell, McGill University
  • Dr. Leslie Flynn, Queen’s University

Professionalism

Chair

  • Dr. Linda Snell, McGill University

Core members

  • Dr. Leslie Flynn, Queen’s University
  • Dr. Merril Pauls, College of Family Physicians of Canada
  • Dr. Ramona Kearney, University of Alberta
  • Dr. Andrew Warren, Dalhousie University
  • Dr. Robert Sternszus, McGill University
  • Dr. Richard Cruess, McGill University
  • Dr. Sylvia Cruess, McGill University
  • Dr. Maggy Dupré, Collège des médecins du Québec
  • Dr. Rose Hatala, Collège des médecins du Québec Advisory
  • Dr. Shiphra Ginsburg, University of Toronto
  • Dr. Sharon Johnston, University of Ottawa
  • Dr. Yvette Lajeunesse, Université de Montreal

Project coordinator

  • Tammy Hesson

Physician Health

Chair

  • Dr. Leslie Flynn, Queen’s University

Core members

  • Dr. Linda Snell, McGill University
  • Dr. Meri Bukowskyj, Canadian Medical Protective Association
  • Dr. Susan Edwards, College of Family Physicians of Canada
  • Dr. Jordan Cohen, University of Calgary
  • Dr. Anita Chakravarti, University of Saskatchewan
  • Dr. Leslie Nickell, University of Toronto
  • Dr. Janet Wright, College of Physicians and Surgeons of Alberta Advisory
  • Dr. Jonathan DellaVedova, McGill University (resident)
  • Dr. Eva Knell, College of Family Physicians of Canada
  • Dr. Derek Puddester, Canadian Medical Association
  • Dr. Andrew Warren, Dalhousie University

Project coordinator

  • Tammy Hesson

PATIENT SAFETY AND QUALITY IMPROVEMENT

Chair

  • Dr. Brian M Wong, University of Toronto

Core members

  • Dr. Stacy Ackroyd-Stolarz, Dalhousie University
  • Dr. Meri Bukowskyj, Canadian Medical Protective Association
  • Dr. Lisa Calder, University of Ottawa
  • Dr. Amir Ginzberg, University of Toronto
  • Dr. Sherissa Microys, University of Ottawa
  • Dr. Antonia Stang, University of Calgary
  • Dr. Gordon Wallace, Canadian Medical Protective Association Advisory
  • Dr. Philip Ellison, University of Toronto
  • Dr. Ward Flemons, University of Calgary
  • Ms. Abigail Hain, Canadian Patient Safety Institute
  • Dr. Karen Hall Barber, Queen’s University
  • Dr. Amy Nakajima, University of Ottawa
  • Dr. Kaveh Shojana, University of Toronto
  • Dr. Roger Wong, University of British Columbia

Project coordinator

  • Tammy Hesson

eHEALTH

Chair

  • Dr. Kendall Ho, University of British Columbia

Core members

  • Dr. Rachel Ellaway, Northern Ontario School of Medicine
  • Dr. Judith Littleford, University of Manitoba
  • Dr. Robert Hayward, University of Alberta
  • Dr. Katrina Hurley, Dalhousie University

Project coordinator

  • Marvel Sampson

CANMEDS 2015 NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE

The CanMEDS 2015 National Advisory Committee provided strategic direction and input on the overall CanMEDS 2015 project and included representatives from a range of key stakeholders and partner organizations.

Chairs

  • Dr. Jason R Frank, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada
  • Dr. Ivy F Oandasan, College of Family Physicians of Canada

Members

  • Ms. Cynthia Abbott, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada
  • Dr. Adelle Atkinson, University of Toronto
  • Dr. Glen Bandiera, University of Toronto
  • Dr. Andrée Boucher, Université de Montréal
  • Dr. Ian Bowmer, Medical Council of Canada
  • Dr. Ian Brasg, Canadian Federation of Medical Students
  • Dr. Ford Bursey, Memorial University
  • Dr. Nick Busing, Future of Medical Education in Canada Postgraduate
  • Dr. François Caron, Fédération des médecins résidents du Québec
  • Dr. Charles Faubert, Fédération des médecins residents du Québec
  • Dr. Katharine Gillis, University of Ottawa
  • Dr. Lisa Graves, Northern Ontario School of Medicine, Undergraduate Dean
  • Dr. Ken Harris, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada
  • Dr. Kevin Imrie, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada
  • Dr. Fleur-Ange Lefebvre, Federation of Medical Regulatory Authorities of Canada
  • Dr. Anne Marie MacLellan, Collège des médecins du Québec
  • Mr. Hugh MacLeod, Canadian Patient Safety Institute
  • Dr. Ashley Miller, Resident Doctors of Canada
  • Dr. Geneviève Moineau, Association of Faculties of Medicine of Canada
  • Dr. Julien Poitras, Université Laval, Postgraduate Dean
  • Dr. Charmaine Roye, Canadian Medical Association
  • Dr. Kam Rungta, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada
  • Dr. Asoka Samarasena, Memorial University, Postgraduate Dean
  • Dr. Linda Snell, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada
  • Dr. Kent Stobart, University of Alberta, Undergraduate Dean
  • Dr. Gary Tithecott, University of Western Ontario, Undergraduate Dean
  • Dr. Gordon Wallace, Canadian Medical Protective Association
  • Dr. Parveen Wasi, McMaster University
  • Dr. James Wilson, Royal College Education Committee
  • Dr. Roger Wong, University of British Columbia, Postgraduate Dean

Project coordinator

  • Tammy Hesson

CANMEDS 2015 INTERNATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE

The CanMEDS 2015 International Advisory Committee was convened to provide input on the overall CanMEDS 2015 project from a global perspective, with a view to the potential impact of the revised framework in other countries and jurisdictions. Members included representatives from a range of international stakeholders and partner organizations.

Chairs

  • Dr. Jason R Frank, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, Canada
  • Dr. Linda Snell, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, Canada

Members

  • Dr. Ducksun Ahn, Korea
  • Dr. Esam Al Banyan, Saudi Arabia
  • Dr. Andleeb Arshad, Kuwait
  • Dr. Sally Davies, United Kingdom
  • Dr. Jean-François Denef, Belgium
  • Dr. Peter Dieckmann, Denmark
  • Dr. Richard Doherty, Australia
  • Dr. Robert Englander, United States of America
  • Dr. Jaime Godoy, Chili
  • Dr. Peter Harris, Australia
  • Dr. Jennie Kendrick, Australia
  • Dr. Scott Lang, Australia/Canada
  • Dr. Mary Lawson, Australia
  • Dr. Haicho Li, China
  • Dr. Tindal Magnus, Australia
  • Dr. Doris Ostergaard, Denmark
  • Dr. Ingrid Philibert, United States of America
  • Dr. Peter Raubenheimer, South Africa
  • Dr. Fedde Scheele, Netherlands
  • Dr. Stefanus Snyman, South Africa
  • Dr. Marie-Louise Stokes, Australia
  • Dr. Tim Swanwick, England Dr. Olle ten Cate, Netherlands
  • Mr. Patrick van Gele, Switzerland
  • Dr. Simon Williams, Australia

Project coordinator

  • Marvel Sampson

THE ROYAL COLLEGE INTEGRATION COMMITTEE

A small team of clinician educators from across Canada was commissioned to synthesize the contributions to the CanMEDS 2015 project into a coherent version of the 2015 Framework and the complementary Milestones Guide. These contributions included EWG reports, directions from the National and International Advisory Committees, survey and focus group results, summaries of town hall discussions, informal feedback and reports from sister institutions worldwide.

Chairs

  • Dr. Jason R Frank, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada
  • Dr. Linda Snell, McGill University

Members

  • Ms. Cynthia Abbott, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada
  • Dr. Craig Campbell, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada
  • Dr. Kenneth Harris, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada
  • Dr. Farhan Bhanji, McGill University
  • Dr. Andrée Boucher, Université de Montréal
  • Dr. Ming-Ka Chan, University of Manitoba
  • Dr. Lara Cooke, University of Calgary
  • Dr. Deepak Dath, McMaster University
  • Dr. Sue Dojeiji, University of Ottawa
  • Dr. Leslie Flynn, Queen’s University
  • Ms. Danielle Frechette, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada
  • Ms. Jennifer Gordon, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada
  • Dr. Jolanta Karpinski, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada
  • Dr. Viren Naik, University of Ottawa
  • Dr. Anna Oswald, University of Alberta
  • Dr. Denyse Richardson, University of Toronto
  • Dr. Jonathan Sherbino, McMaster University
  • Dr. Elaine Van Melle, Queen’s University

Project coordinator

  • Tammy Hesson

ROYAL COLLEGE FRENCH ADVISORY COMMITTEE

The Royal College French Advisory Committee members closely examined the French versions of the CanMEDS 2015 Physician Competency Framework and the CanMEDS 2015 Milestones. Through their careful review of the documents, the Committee members made strategic changes to reflect the current discourse in medical education and practice.

Chair

  • Dr. Andrée Boucher, Université de Montréal

Members

  • Dr. Paul Belliveau, Queen’s University
  • Dr. José François, University of Manitoba
  • Ms. Lucie Hamelin, College of Family Physicians of Canada
  • Dr. Jean Latreille, Université de Sherbrooke
  • Dr. Jean-François Lemay, University of Calgary
  • Dr. Julien Poitras, Université Laval
  • Dr. Serge Quérin, Université de Montréal
  • Dr. Louise Samson, Collège des médecins du Québec
  • Dr. Louis-George Ste-Marie, Université de Montréal

Project coordinator and translation support

  • Ginette Bourgeois
  • Martin Côté
  • Nathalie Upton

CANMEDS 2015 PROJECT SECRETARIAT

Project Advisor

  • Cynthia Abbott

Project Team

  • Mélanie Agnew
  • Ginette Bourgeois
  • Caroline Clouston
  • Lana Dixon
  • Tammy Hesson
  • Wendy Jemmett
  • Cynthia MacLachlan
  • Sarah Matthews
  • Megan McComb
  • Shelley Murdock
  • Marvel Sampson
  • Kate Slean