Data sources for Medical Workforce Knowledgebase
At present, the Royal College Medical Workforce Knowledgebase features four data snapshots taken along the physician supply pathway:
- The number of available residency positions, residents beginning training and newly certified specialists (inflows) - 3 data sources
- The practicing physician population and its age profile (current composition and outflows) - 1 data source
Each snapshot presents the five most recent years of data from the underlying data source. Each data source highlights information on the 31 primary specialties where the information is available. The following are descriptions of the data sources and physician supply metrics currently featured in the Royal College Medical Workforce Knowledgebase.
Residency Positions - Canadian Resident Matching Service (CaRMS)
This data series shows the number of residency positions offered in the first iteration of the CaRMS R-1 match, also referred to as R1 quota.
Figures are based on the R1 quota (after reversion) published in annual CaRMS R-1 match reports. The quota corresponds to positions offered in the match process carried out in March of each data year for residency programs commencing in July. The series includes the combined number of positions offered to Canadian medical graduates plus the number of positions dedicated to international medical graduates (IMGs). Note that visa trainees are not part of the CaRMS matching process. Results of this data series are presented in the Residency Positions section of the Royal College Medical Workforce Knowledgebase.
First Year Post-MD Trainees - Canadian Post-M.D. Education Registry (CAPER)
This data series shows the number of first year (PGY1) post-M.D. trainees (residents) in each data year covered by the series.
Figures are based on data published in the CAPER Annual Census of Post-M.D. Trainees. CAPER data represents a count of all post-M.D. trainees registered in Canadian residency programs as of November 1 of each data year. The series includes graduates of Canadian medical schools as well as international medical graduates (IMGs). Trainee counts include Canadian citizens and permanent residents of Canada; visa trainees are excluded. Results of this data series are presented in the First Year Post-MD Trainees section of the Royal College Medical Workforce Knowledgebase.
Newly-certified Physicians - College of Family Physicians of Canada (CFPC); Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC)
This data series shows the number of physicians who became newly-certified by the CFPC and/or Royal College in each data year covered by the series.
The data is sourced from administrative databases of the Royal College and the CFPC. All new certificants in each of the listed disciplines are included, regardless of certification route or legal status. Counts include Canadian citizens, permanent residents as well as non-Canadians who become certified by the Royal College and CFPC. Certification data of the Collège des Médecins du Québec (CMQ) is not directly included in the Medical Workforce Knowledgebase. However, the CMQ confers certification based on Royal College, CFPC and American Board of Family Medicine (ABFM) credentials. Thus, all new CMQ certificants are counted through Royal College and CFPC data, with the exception of those who receive CMQ certification by virtue of ABFM certification alone. Results of this data series are presented in the Newly-certified Physicians section of the Royal College Medical Workforce Knowledgebase.
Licensed Physician Workforce - Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI)
This data series is based on the Scott’s Medical Database (CIHI) and includes all active physicians in Canada.
CIHI defines active physicians as individuals with an MD degree who have a valid mailing address in Canada. This data series excludes the following: medical residents; military physicians; non-registered physicians who have not given consent to publish their data; physicians on temporary leave or sabbatical; physicians who are abroad; and retired or semi-retired physicians. From this data source, information is collected on the supply of the licensed physician workforce as well as the age distribution for the latest data year. Results of this data series are presented in the Licensed Physician Workforce section of the Royal College Medical Workforce Knowledgebase.