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Residency positions (R1 Quota)

Residency positions (R1 Quota)


From 2010 to 2014, Family Medicine quotas increased by an annual average of 5.3%. The number of Medical specialty positions increased by an average 2.8% each year. In contrast, the combined quota for all Surgical specialties decreased by 2.1% each year. The number of Laboratory Medicine positions increased by 5.1% from 2010 to 2014, but decreased from 86 in 2013 to 83 in 2014.

Key Observations

In 2014, seven specialties accounted for 80% of all R1 residency positions:

  • Family Medicine (45%)
  • Internal Medicine (15%)
  • Psychiatry (6%)
  • Pediatrics (5%)
  • Anesthesiology (4%)
  • General Surgery (3%)
  • Obstetrics/Gynecology (3%)

After a very small decline in 2011, the Psychiatry quota increased each year, and averaged a 5.0% annual increase over the time period. The number of Internal Medicine positions increased by an average of 4.2% annually. Royal College Emergency Medicine experienced consistently positive annual increases, averaging 4.8% per year. In 2014 Emergency Medicine’s quota was 20.3% larger than in 2010.

Dermatology experienced an average annual quota increase of 8.3% over the time period 2010-2014. The Dermatology quota increased by 26.9% in 2012 and has ranged between 32 and 35 R1 residency positions since then.

Overall, the Surgical specialties saw a decline in R1 quota, largely as a result of declines in Orthopedic Surgery and General Surgery. The Orthopedic Surgery quota went from 88 in 2010 to 68 in 2014, a 22.7% decrease. Over the same time period General Surgery quota went from 116 to 99, a 14.7% decrease.

Residency positions (R1 Quota) (PDF)

Residency positions (R1 Quota) (Spreadsheet)