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Simulation Educator Training (SET) course developers

Susan Brien, MD, MEd, CSPQ, FRCSC, CPE

Dr. Susan Brien is director of research, innovation and scholarship at the Royal College. She is also an integral part of the Royal College Canada International initiative as the associate director for Asia initiatives. Her portfolio includes overseeing new regional, national and international projects facilitating professional development activities including team training, simulation, performance assessment, simulation accreditation and curriculum integration.

A neurosurgeon with a master’s of education (higher education) from the University of Toronto, Dr. Brien practises neurosurgery at CSSS Gatineau and is chief of trauma for the region. She is also adjunct professor of surgery at the University of Ottawa. She is the former director of operations for Quebec, Eastern Canada and Nunavut with the Canadian Patient Safety Institute, where she was also responsible for national patient safety education. She is a certified physician executive and member of the American College of Physician Executives.

Conflicts of interest: None declared

John Kim, MD, MEd, FRCPC

Dr. John Kim practises in the Department of Medicine at the University of Ottawa and at the Department of Critical Care Medicine at the Ottawa Hospital. His area of academic interest is the use of theatre-based human patient simulation, or HPS. His work in this field focuses on several areas: curriculum development, instructor training/certification, and validation of simulation as a formal tool for evaluation of performance.

Dr. Kim developed the original high-fidelity simulation database of clinical cases used in the Royal College’s Acute Critical Events Simulation (ACES) course. He also developed the instructor certification course for ACES and the Critical Care Response Team course. Dr. Kim is the principal author of the Ottawa Crisis Resource Management Global Rating Scale, one of the few validated instruments used to assess performance during simulated emergencies.

Conflicts of interest: None declared

Pierre Cardinal, MD, FRCPC, MSc (Epidemiology)

Dr. Pierre Cardinal is a professor of medicine at the University of Ottawa, and senior clinical educator at the Royal College. He founded CRI Critical Care Education Network, whose goals were to improve patient safety through educational interventions. CRI was acquired by the Royal College (and renamed the Practice, Performance and Innovation Unit), where Dr. Cardinal is now responsible for developing educational and clinical interventions to improve patient safety. He has collaborated on many educational initiatives, including the National Acute Critical Events Simulation (ACES) course and providing critical care training to nurses at Qikiqtani General Hospital in Iqaluit, Nunavut.

Among Dr. Cardinal’s ongoing projects are adapting the ACES course for a more diverse population of learners; and REACHout, a study aimed at improving the care of critically ill patients.

Affiliations: Division of Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa; Department of Critical Care, the Ottawa Hospital; Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada

Funding sources: The Ottawa Hospital Academic Medical Organization ($100,000), Astellas, Hospira, Draeger, Fresenius, Pfizer, Eli-Lilly ($105,000 — ACES)

Publication outlets: Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine

Presentation venues: Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada International Conference on Residency Education (ICRE), Quebec City, QC; National ACES, Halifax, NS; Montfort Hospital, Ottawa, ON; Simulation Accreditation, University of Montreal Simulation Centre, Montreal, QC; Laval University, Quebec City, QC; New Brunswick Association of Respiratory Therapists annual conference, Moncton, NB

Conflicts of interest: None declared

Kevin Lachapelle, MD, MSc, FRCSC

Dr. Kevin Lachapelle is an associate professor of surgery, in charge of surgical training, and holds the Adair Chair in Surgical Education at McGill University. He is a cardiac surgeon and practises at the McGill University Health Centre. He also serves on the Educational Institutes Accreditation Committee of the American College of Surgeons and is the cardiac surgery program director at McGill.

Dr. Lachapelle was the founding director of the Arnold and Blema Steinberg Medical Simulation Centre at McGill University. He has a long-standing interest in team training and has given numerous workshops on training and debriefing. His research interests centre around the development and evaluation of innovative technology for teaching and learning. Dr. Lachapelle was a co-recipient of the John Ruedy award in 2011 for innovation in medical education, which he shared with colleagues from the Northern Ontario School of Medicine. He is developing a program of surgical technology and innovation.

Conflicts of interest: None declared

Adam Cheng, MD, MSc (Epidemiology), FRCPC

Dr. Adam Cheng is director of research and development for the ASPIRE/KidSIM Simulation Program at the Alberta Children’s Hospital. He is also an associate professor in the Department of Pediatrics at the University of Calgary. Dr. Cheng served as program director of the pediatric emergency medicine (PEM) fellowship training program at BC Children’s Hospital from 2006 to 2010. During this time, he also directed the PEM fellowship program at Fudan Children’s Hospital in Shanghai, China.

Dr. Cheng has developed numerous simulation-based curricula, at both the local and national levels. He was founding chair of the EXPRESS pediatric simulation research collaborative, which is focused on improving outcomes of critically ill children through research in simulation and resuscitation. He is co-chair of the International Network for Simulation-based Pediatric Innovation, Research and Education (INSPIRE), which comprises more than 100 pediatric hospitals and simulation programs.

Conflicts of interest: None declared

Vicki LeBlanc, PhD

Vicki LeBlanc is an assistant professor in the Department of Medicine at the University of Toronto, and an education scientist at U of T’s Wilson Centre for Research in Education. She earned her PhD in experimental psychology from McMaster University. Her current research explores the effects of acute stress responses on performance in the domains of paramedic services, police services, trauma resuscitations, critical care and social work. She also conducts research that aims to gain a better understanding of the role of simulation modalities for clinical teaching and evaluation.

Conflicts of interest: None declared

Marcia L. Clark, MD, MSc (Med Ed), FRCSC, Dip Sport Med

Dr. Marcia Clark is an orthopedic surgeon at Foothills Medical Centre and a clinical assistant professor at the University of Calgary. Following her orthopedic residency, Dr. Clark completed a fellowship in hip and knee reconstruction at the Wakefield Clinic and University of Adelaide in South Australia; and a second fellowship in surgical education and revision joint arthroplasty at the University of Calgary, where she earned a Master of Science in Medical Education.

Dr. Clark’s clinical interests involve complex primary and revision hip and knee surgeries. She is part of the Canadian alpine ski team medical group and also provides medical care at international motor sports events. Academically, her area of expertise is in curriculum design and evaluation, including the use of simulation in medical education around non-technical skills.

Conflicts of interest: None declared

Viren Naik, MD, MEd, FRCPC

In July 2009, Dr. Viren Naik was recruited from the University of Toronto to establish the University of Ottawa Skills and Simulation Centre (uOSSC) as the inaugural medical director. With this move, he transferred his existing research fellowship and consolidated it with other departments for a successful AIME/uOSSC Fellowship in Education/Simulation. He has an active research program with more than 60 peer-reviewed publications and grants.

Dr. Naik has also served the Royal College as chair of the written examination in anesthesia, where he introduced short-answer questions to the process. He is now contracted at the Royal College as the first clinician educator for simulation, tasked with advancing simulation for postgraduate education and continuing professional development, nationally and internationally.

Conflicts of interest: None declared

Barbara Foulds, BN, MEd, PhD

Barbara Foulds is associate dean of health at Algonquin College in Ottawa. Algonquin College is the third-largest community college in Ontario and offers a wide variety of health-related programs including BScN , practical nursing, respiratory therapy, anesthesia assisting, polysomnography and cardiac diagnostics. It also offers postgraduate courses in critical-care nursing, perioperative nursing and emergency nursing, as well as emergency and disaster management.

In 2007, she won the Colleges Ontario Innovation Award. Her scholarly activities include a PhD thesis investigating clinical teaching as a boundary practice. She is also researching faculty attitudes to inter-professional education.

Conflicts of interest: None declared

Walter Tavares, PhD

Walter Tavares holds a PhD from McMaster University’s Department for Educational Research and Development. Internationally trained in the use of simulation in health professions education, he is a research fellow and faculty member with the University of Toronto’s Wilson Centre for Medical Education. His research interests include simulation as it relates to the assessment of competence, measurement theory and rater cognition.

Tavares is coordinator of paramedic programs and research in the paramedicine program that is offered jointly through Centennial College and the University of Toronto. He is also an advanced-care paramedic with York Region.

Conflicts of interest: None declared

Luke Terrett, MD, FRCPC

Dr. Luke Terrett is an emergency physician at the Ottawa Hospital and is completing his training in critical care at the University of Ottawa. During his residency, he developed the simulation program for emergency medicine at the University of Manitoba. His current interests include the optimization of team performance during resuscitations and the management of multiple tasks.

Conflicts of interest: None declared

Contact us
Practice, Performance and Innovation Unit (PPI)
c/o Education Coordinator
Email: ppi@royalcollege.ca
Telephone: 613-730-6275; toll-free 1-800-668-3740 ext. 275