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Section 3 credit opportunity: self-assessment program on opioids

MOC Tip of the Month

We teamed with mdBriefCase Group to bring you another opportunity to earn Section 3 Maintenance of Certification credits: a new accredited self-assessment program on opioids.

Access it from the “My eLearning” tab of MAINPORT.

First do no harm: optimizing pain relief with opioids while minimizing risks

Complete this new case to gain an understanding of your responsibilities, and to learn how to construct treatment pathways for patients who are experiencing health issues from opioid use.

After successful completion of the program, you will be able to

  • appraise the benefits and risks of opioid therapy for non-cancer pain,
  • discuss the responsibilities of physicians prescribing opioids,
  • initiate opioids based on current chronic non-cancer pain guidelines, and
  • construct treatment pathways for patients experiencing issues from opioids.

Other self-assessment programs available in the “My eLearning” tab

  • CanMEDS: better practice, better outcomes
    Explore the CanMEDS framework and how it can be applied to your practice.
  • Research ethics: principles for practice
    Learn how to analyze and apply ethical principles to your future research activities.

Each one-hour program is available in English and French. There is no charge for all Royal College Fellows and MAINPORT ePortfolio users.

Program features

  • Videos from experts
  • Interesting case challenges
  • Knowledge assessment questions
  • Reflective questions to enhance learning
  • Additional practice tools and resources
  • Certificate of completion

Learn more about mdBriefCase Group

Contact us with questions or your feedback:

Continue your learning: access a second opioid self-assessment program

In light of the opioids crisis, the Royal College developed two distinct yet complementary programs whose objectives help address the challenges of opioid prescribing.

The 30-minute program from Prescribing Safely Canada helps learners (1) use established frameworks to perform an opioid risk screening-initiation strategy, (2) use an appropriate opioid selection strategy in the postoperative period, and (3) employ strategies for recognizing and managing postoperative opioid-related complications.

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Free for a limited time: earn Section 3 MOC credits with new prescribing modules

Assess and enhance your prescribing competencies with new Prescribing Safely Canada online modules. Each 30-minute learning module has short case-based questions that focus on three themes:

  1. Frail clients
  2. Antibiotic stewardship
  3. Opioid prescribing

Participants who complete the assessments will receive automated feedback and earn MOC Section 3 credits.

Visit to learn more or to participate.

Take advantage of this valuable learning opportunity

Short, 30-minute modules
Written by Canadian clinicians
Content is based on theme, not specialty-specific
User-friendly and easy to navigate
Bilingual content (English and French)

These modules will be accessible for free until April 2019.

About Prescribing Safely Canada

The Royal College is committed to supporting physicians’ lifelong learning and enhancement of skills and competencies. We launched Prescribing Safely Canada to help physicians assess and enhance their prescribing skills, and reduce medication errors. After successfully piloting three online self-assessments in late 2017 through spring 2018, we created these three new modules. These new case offerings were authored and peer-reviewed by Canadian clinicians, with an aim to address every day practice realities.

Contact with comments or feedback.

Continue your learning: access a second opioid self-assessment program

In light of the opioids crisis, the Royal College developed two distinct yet complementary programs whose objectives help address the challenges of opioid prescribing.

The one-hour program from mdBriefCase helps learners (1) appraise the benefits and risks of opioid therapy for non-cancer pain, (2) discuss the responsibilities of physicians prescribing opioids, (3) initiate opioids based on chronic (non-cancer) pain guidelines and (4) construct treatment pathways for patients experiencing issues from opioids.

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New website to reflect our new vision

It’s been 10 years since we introduced our blue-and-gold brand. A lot has changed since then — including the unveiling this year of our bold, new global vision for the Royal College. As a natural progression of our work and identity, last month we launched our refreshed look.

Fellow-specific section of our website

When you visit you’ll notice that is has a new look. More visually appealing, scroll the length of the page and gain easy access to popular sections of our website. Click on the Fellows tab (or navigate to one of our other audience pages). There, you’ll note specially designed spaces with icons linking to frequently visited pages, and other relevant content and news.

Access more content via our new “hamburger” menu

You can find all of our previous site content using the “hamburger” menu tab at the top right-hand corner of the page. This is the first phase of our website update. Over time, the content on more pages will be refreshed and adapted to model our new website template.

A mix of modern and traditional colours

Red! Teal! Purple! Yellow! We have a range of new accent colours to complement our refreshed brand colours: dark blue, dark grey and a bright aqua.

This new colour palette enables us to pay homage to our traditional brand identity, while introducing some modern elements. Did you see our newly designed Royal College booths at the International Conference on Residency Education this October 18-20?

Subtle changes to our logo

RC logo

Look closely and you’ll notice just the slightest edits to our logo (do you see the grey lettering?) We’ve also officially retired the unilingual versions of our logo. We now have only the one, bilingual logo.

Be sure to check out

Under construction

It’s a lot of work to do a brand refresh. New and old marketing materials will coexist for a time. Our work updating our website — more concise and tailored content that is easier to find — also continues. Contact us at with questions or comments

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Meet our first Dr. Karen Mann Catalyst Grant recipient

Dr. Tomas J. Saun Dr. Tomas J. Saun

Congratulations to Dr. Tomas J. Saun, the first recipient of the new Royal College Dr. Karen Mann Catalyst Grant in Medical Education Research.

“The excitement and support that receiving this award brings has truly catalyzed a new level of motivation and vigour, to not only bring this project to completion, but to go above and beyond and radically disrupt how we approach surgical education,” said Dr. Saun, a resident in plastic and reconstructive surgery at the University of Toronto, in a written statement.

About the catalyst grant

This new grant supports Royal College Resident Affiliates and early career clinician educators. Its aim is to encourage entry into medical education research through mentorship.

It was created in honour of the late Dr. Karen Mann, PhD, who was a passionate educator, scholar and adviser. Her outstanding contributions to medical education, particularly through mentorship and support of young researchers, helped shape the careers of many Canadian scholars and contributed to the strength of medical education research in Canada.

“What is particularly unique about this grant is that it supports not just the recipient but also an identified mentor,” said Dr. Tanya Horsley, PhD, associate director, Royal College Research Unit. This includes an allocation for travel expenses to attend a relevant Royal College conference to present their research findings.

Dr. Saun’s research to focus on recording open surgery for training purposes

Applying intraoperative video recording technology to open surgery, which comprises the majority of surgical procedures performed, has proved to be challenging. Improving the quality of these resources is important for training and continuing performance enhancement.

Dr. Saun will use the funds from this grant to develop and test a novel surgeon-mounted camera with optimized capacities to record high-quality open surgery videos. He will work under the mentorship of Dr. Teodor P. Grantcharov, a professor of surgery at the University of Toronto and surgeon at St. Michael's Hospital.

“I’ve always been intrigued by technology and have over time discovered the extremely powerful synergism of technology and medicine for innovation in medical education and beyond,” he explained. “My project is centered on developing new technology for intraoperative video capture of open surgical procedures for medical education, performance enhancement, quality improvement and surgical safety.”

Read more about Dr. Saun’s project.

Dr. Saun was announced as the inaugural recipient of this grant at a special presentation on October 20 at the 2018 International Conference on Residency Education in Halifax.

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MOC Tip: Claim MOC credits for your locally-based examination activities

By Mike Nicolle and Farhan Bhanji

Did you know that you can claim MOC Program credits for developing and administering local examinations at your own university or academic centre? In other words, you don’t have to be a Royal College examiner to translate exam-related activities into valuable MOC credits!

Royal College examiners claim MOC credits for the learning they acquire while developing, administering and evaluating Royal College exams. However, similar activities take place in universities at both the medical student and resident level. Any Fellow or MOC Program participant who performs these kinds of activities (e.g. at a university or simulation centre) is also eligible for these credits.

Click here to download a handy resource about how to claim MOC credits for all of the exam-related activities. Use it to look up your activity, and see where it fits in the MOC framework, how many MOC credits it is worth and more details on how to claim credit.

Do you perform any of the following activities at your university?

These are all activities that are eligible for MOC credit:

  • Set exam standards (blueprints, marking schemes, etc.)
  • Create multiple-choice questions (MCQs), short-answer questions (SAQs), or oral questions
  • Create objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) stations
  • Perform exam quality reviews
  • Mark SAQs for written exams or Orals/OSCEs/Practicals

And there are more!

Take your exam activities further for Section 3 credits

Virtually every Fellow and MOC Program Participant must now claim at least 25 credits per section per MOC cycle. Did you know that your examination activities also count towards Section 3 assessment credits if you receive feedback on your performance as an examiner? It’s as easy as asking a trusted colleague for their feedback on, for example, the quality of your MCQs or your performance during an oral exam. This is a valid review of the educational aspect of your practice and can be recorded under Section 3: Practice Assessment for three credits per hour.

Finally, if any aspect of the exam process stimulates one or more ideas for personal research, you can claim each additional learning project individually as a Section 2: Personal Learning Project for two credits per hour.

As a local examiner, you play a special role in advancing excellence in teaching and learning, and clinical care at your university. And as you can see, your time and expertise in this endeavour will do double duty by transforming into valuable MOC credits.

Keep calm and examine on. (And don’t forget to claim MOC credit along the way!)

Mike Nicolle, MD, FRCPC, DPhil, is an associate professor in the Department of Clinical Neurological Sciences at Western University and chair of the Royal College Examination Committee in Neurology.

Farhan Bhanji, MD, MSc (Ed), FAHA, FRCPC, is a professor of Pediatrics and the director of Education at the Steinberg Centre for Simulation and Interactive Learning at McGill University, and the associate director of Examination Strategy at the Royal College.

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How Dr. Brenda Joyce is strengthening specialist exams in Kuwait

Photo by JC Gellidon on Unsplash

Dr. Brenda Joyce, FRCPC, is a Royal College volunteer who has helped advance PGME in Kuwait through the Royal College’s collaboration with the Kuwait Institute for Medical Specializations (KIMS). This September, she visited the country for the second time as an external examiner.

“I was very excited when I first heard about the opportunity to volunteer as an external examiner,” she said. “It is a rare opportunity to share knowledge, experience another culture and at the same time, help bring positive change.”

Meet Dr. Brenda Joyce

Dr. Joyce has been a Royal College Fellow since 1989. After being a family doctor for six years, she retrained in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. She recently worked as a physiatrist in Saskatoon. She has served on a number of national committees and was previously division head, Department of Medicine, at Dalhousie University.

As an external examiner, she recently helped facilitate the KIMS Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation exam in Kuwait. She assisted with the exam’s preparation, helping to develop short answer questions and Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) stations, as well as examining and evaluating the candidates. She values being able to share her knowledge and experience with colleagues at KIMS.

“I volunteer not only to improve the exam process, but also to provide feedback that encourages inquiry into educational objectives and training in the Kuwaiti program,” she said.

The overall quality of the KIMS exam is improving year after year. Dr. Joyce has every expectation that it will continue to progress with the Royal College’s guidance.

“Having access to individuals with experience and knowledge is invaluable, and I believe external examiners bring this to the table. In addition, having the opportunity for face-to-face conversations promotes tremendous sharing and cross-fertilization of ideas,” she said.

Already, she has noticed a change since her first visit.

“I found the whole process to be very organized. I was more relaxed during this visit because I knew what to expect. My experience was extremely positive, and my Kuwaiti colleagues were warm, welcoming and open to suggestions. I thoroughly enjoyed my stay in Kuwait and would recommend it to anyone.”

KIMS and the Royal College: a growing collaboration

The collaboration between the Royal College and KIMS exemplifies the Royal College’s new vision as the global leader in specialty medical education and care.

A major component of the collaboration is the development and execution of the KIMS exams — a postgraduate exam that is part of KIMS’s end of training assessment. Content for 22 exams were co-developed by Royal College and KIMS examiners. Each exam had a written component, multiple choice and/or short answer questions, as well as a practical component such as an OSCE or oral scenario.

Along with the development and collaboration support, Royal College examiners travelled to Kuwait to administer the practical component exam and examine KIMS candidates. The Royal College also supports KIMS in developing and implementing an exam quality assurance process to ensure their exams are high quality and valid.

KIMS group Dr. Brenda Joyce enjoying dinner at a Moroccan restaurant in Kuwait with her colleagues Dr. Mohan Radhakrishna (middle) and Dr. Gary Linassi (left).

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News and announcements from your Royal College Council

To keep you up-to-date on the discussions of Council, we’re pleased to share with you some highlights from the October 25-28, 2018, Council meeting.

Keep reading for more details on

Special guests from Ireland

Council was pleased to welcome two representatives of the Royal College of Physicians of Ireland (RCPI) to the October session: Mary Horgan, MD, MRCPI, FRCPI, and Donal Reddan, MB, BCH MHS, FRCPI. In their respective roles of RCPI President and treasurer, they wished to learn more about Royal College governance and the functioning of our Council.

The Royal College on the international stage

RCI governance

As touched on in the July issue of Dialogue, the Royal College initiated a review of the governance of Royal College International (RCI) in February 2018. Just over seven months on, work is on track to put in place adjustments to RCI’s governance and management structures.

Council approved at its October 2018 meeting a Royal College-RCI inter-organizational charter that defines the relationships between the two organizations and the boundaries within which the RCI Board and its leadership pursue international activities.

Highlights of the relationship are listed below:

  • RCI will continue as a non-profit registered charity and controlled subsidiary of the Royal College, with its own governing board and president/CEO.
  • The inter-organizational charter sets out policies and controls in key subject matter areas intended to foster a cohesive corporate culture between RCI and the Royal College, including but not limited to a shared vision, mission and strategic plan.

Council was satisfied that RCI is now equipped to deliver the international collaboration goals of the Royal College Strategic Plan.

Tri-nation Alliance

In early October, Council approved via e-ballot the Royal College’s renewed commitment to the Tri-nation Alliance. This new agreement was signed by all five colleges on October 16, 2018, at the International Medical Education Leaders Forum in Halifax, N.S. The partners are the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, the Royal Australasian College of Physicians, the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, the Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists, and the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists.

Canada/Saudi relations

The Canada/Kingdom of Saudi Arabia diplomatic rupture is an area of concern, exacerbated by the more recent case of Mr. Jamal Khashoggi. Council heard how the current state of diplomatic affairs is affecting the work of the Royal College and its subsidiary, Royal College International. All pre-existing projects initiated by RCI in the Kingdom are on hold indefinitely. The resumption of this work and any future work within Saudi Arabia will be assessed and aligned with the federal government response, and the RCI Board-approved International Consulting Engagement Criteria.

Postgraduate medical education in Canada

Competence by Design (CBD) and Indigenous health

Council was pleased to hear the transformation of postgraduate medical education (PGME) continues apace with developments in both Competence by Design (CBD) and in the integration of Indigenous health into the PGME curriculum.

Since Council last met in June, eight more disciplines have launched CBD. Royal College data is also enabling an independent analysis of CBD implementation costs; the analysis is expected to be presented to the Committee on Health Workforce in late 2018.

The Indigenous Health PGME Steering Committee is expected to launch soon with Lisa Richardson, MD, FRCPC, as chair. The steering committee intends to take a collaborative approach to all of its work to support the introduction of Indigenous health education into curriculum, assessment and accreditation.

Visa trainees

The recent removal, then partial reinstatement, of Saudi residents and clinical fellows catalyzed Council discussions on the role of international learners in the delivery of domestic health care. Council engagement was enabled by Royal College trend analysis of Canadian specialty training fellows and visa trainee cohorts. In 2017-18, visa trainees comprised 14 per cent of all postgraduate trainees in Canada; Saudi Arabia contributes just over one-third of these visa trainees.

Council recognized that any removal of large numbers of PGME trainees has a ripple effect across patient care and beyond, as physicians step away from scholarship and education activities to fill the breach. Council heard that the Royal College’s Office of Health Systems, Innovation and External Relations is planning to undertake a study to better understand the reliance of the Canadian medical education system on visa trainees.

Council task forces

Task Force on Artificial Intelligence and Emerging Digital Technologies

Council approved the terms of reference for the Task Force on Artificial Intelligence and Emerging Digital Technologies. It will be chaired by Richard Reznick, MD, MEd, FRCSC, and is expected to complete its work in March 2020. The task force will formulate recommendations to inform Royal College strategy regarding emerging technologies in specialty medical education, as well as ongoing professional development for current Fellows.

Research Task Force

The chair of the Research Task Force, Brian Hodges, MD, PhD, FRCPC, consulted Council on the emergent task force recommendations. The draft recommendations of the task force will shape a new research strategy for the Royal College, providing a structure to engage in the areas of clinical, medical education and health system research. The Council consultation was the first step of a broader engagement to obtain feedback from Council, Fellows and other stakeholders. The final task force report is expected to be delivered to Council in 2019.

Membership of Council and the Executive Committee of Council (ECC)

Council was pleased to approve the mid-term appointment of Trevor Young, MD, PhD, FRCPC, FCAHS, to fulfill the remainder of the term previously held by Michael Strong, MD, FRCPC. Dr. Strong resigned from Council earlier this fall to take up the position of President of the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR).

Council approved the following appointments to ECC

Robert LaRoche, MD, FRCSCECC member, Chair of the Health and Public Policy Committee
Gaétan Brochu, MD, FRCSCECC member, Chair of the Financial Reporting and Risk Oversight Committee
Marcia Clark, MD, FRCSCECC member, Councillor-at-Large

All of the appointments will be for two years and begin on February 21, 2019.

Council elections

Council also spent time preparing for the Royal College elections, which take place in February 2019 at the Annual Meeting of the Members. As a Fellow of the Royal College, you will receive further information on these elections towards the end of November.

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Members in the news

Doctor walking down a hospital hallway

“This is an opportunity for anybody to come on and make their voices heard,” Craig Earle, MD, FRCPC (“#30MinutesThatMatter campaign seeks public's input for national cancer strategy,” National Post)

“I think it’s important to get people’s attention so that they’re aware of it,” Thalia Field, MD, FRCPC (“New studies suggest female patients have poorer outcomes after experiencing a stroke,” The Globe and Mail)

“People should remember that it does have risks and there’s no need to try it just because it’s legal,” – Deena Hinshaw, MD, FRCPC (“Top Alberta doctor says medical system ready for potential boom in pot-driven E.R. visits,” Edmonton Journal)

"If you're going to dedicate limited resources to tackling a problem as prevalent as obesity, you really want to make sure that's an effective method to help people lose weight," – Gordie Kaban, MD, FRCSC (“'Very, very hurtful': Sask. patients, doctors aim to move past fat shaming in health care,” CBC News)

“The more you know about what your condition is, it's very self-empowering,” – Steven Katz, MD, FRCPC (Dr. Katz and Vijay Daniels, MD, FRCPC, were both named in Edmonton’s Top 40 Under 40 2018 list).

“A lot of women are really scared to get anything during their pregnancy, so they’re afraid to get vaccines,” - Jeffrey Kwong, MD, FRCPC (“Flu shot greatly reduces risk of hospitalization for pregnant women: study,” CTV News).

“The results have been better than we expected. Patients have typically been considered incurable when their cancers have spread to other parts of the body,” - David Palma, MD, FRCPC (“Targeted high-dose radiation helps patients with recurring cancer live longer: Lawson study,” The London Free Press)

“These levels of depression and stress among physicians in training are being reported despite the fact that, in the past decades, there has been real moderation in the previously abusive workloads expected of resident physicians,” Kevin Patterson, MD, FRCPC (“Opinion: Why the good doctor is burning out,” The Globe and Mail)

“One possibility is that immigrants are using the health care system differently, in that they are having less physician care,” Natasha Saunders, MD, FRCPC (“Immigrant, refugee youth end up in ER for mental health care more than others: study,” Global News)

“The result of all this? Intergenerational traumas and deep-rooted mistrust among indigenous communities when seeking healthcare,” – Samir Shaheen-Hussain, MD, FRCPC (“Opinion: Separating sick Inuit kids and parents is medical colonialism all over again,” The Guardian). Dr. Shaheen-Hussain was also quoted in CBC News.

"They're coming in with symptoms of depression, anxiety and sometimes psychosis, which for a psychiatrist means a break from reality, hallucinations, delusions," Kiri Simms, MD, FRCPC (“Psychiatrist links 'shatter' drug use to psychosis increase,” CBC News)

“If you watch Netflix, it will tell you what Netflix thinks you like based on your previous choices. In health care, we are just figuring this out,” Peter Tanuseputro, MD, FRCPC (“How close is your death? New algorithm can tell patients how long they have to live,” Saskatoon Star Phoenix).

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In memoriam


Patrick Shau Pun Chan, MBBS, FRCPC, died on September 24, 2018, in Etobicoke, Ont., at age 80. Dr. Chan was certified by the Royal College in Dermatology in 1971. He graduated from the University of London (Class of 1963) and practiced in the Toronto area. Read more about Dr. Chan.

Leonard Cox, MD, FRCSC, died on August 25, 2018, in Victoria, B.C., at age 87. Dr. Cox was certified by the Royal College in Urology in 1967. He was the first fellowship-trained paediatric urologist to practice in Victoria. Read more about Dr. Cox.

Douglas James Dundee, MD, FRCPC, died on August 18, 2018, in West Vancouver, B.C., at age 89. Dr. Dundee was certified by the Royal College in Diagnostic Radiology in 1972. Remembered for his deep love of family and friends, he had a fulfilling career in medicine. Read more about Dr. Dundee.

George Keith Edwards, MD, FRCSC, died on September 12, 2018, in Ottawa, Ont., at age 89. Dr. Edwards was certified by the Royal College in Ophthalmology in 1960. He was the gold medalist for the medical class of 1954 from the University of Western Ontario. Read more about Dr. Edwards.

Richard Fedorak, MD, FRCPC, died on November 8, 2018, in Edmonton, Alta., at age 63. Dr. Fedorak was certified by the Royal College in Internal Medicine (1984) and Gastroenterology (1985). An accomplished gastroenterologist and leader, at the time of his passing he was dean of the Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry, University of Alberta. Read more about Dr. Fedorak.

John Daniel Garry, MD, FRCPC, died on August 12, 2018, in Vancouver, B.C., at age 82. Dr. Garry was certified by the Royal College in Public Health in 1974. Outside of medicine, he also wrote two books (one about his renowned Uncle Tom, an anatomist in Dublin). Read more about Dr. Garry.

Ronald Leon Hoffenberg, MBChB, FRCSC, died on September 30, 2018, in Ottawa, Ont., at age 79. Dr. Hoffenberg was certified by the Royal College in Orthopedic Surgery in 1971. A graduate of the University of Edinburgh (Class of 1964), he practised in Ottawa for many years.

Robert (Bob) Thomas Hosie, MD, FRCSC, died on August 21, 2018, in Victoria, B.C., at age 94. Dr. Hosie was certified by the Royal College in General Surgery in 1956. He was a World War II veteran and practised surgery with a great deal of compassion for others. Read more about Dr. Hosie.

John F. S. Hughes, MD, FRCPC, died on September 30, 2018, in Victoria Beach, Man., at age 93. Dr. Hughes was certified by the Royal College in Internal Medicine in 1955. He worked on staff at the St. Boniface General Hospital in Winnipeg until his retirement in 1991. Read more about Dr. Hughes.

Lieutenant-Colonel Wang-Chun William (Bill) Ip, MD, FRCPC, died on August 1, 2018, in Lethbridge, Alta., at age 42. Dr. Ip was certified by the Royal College in Internal Medicine in 2012. He was posted to 1 Canadian Field Hospital based out of Winnipeg, Man., and deployed on three operations.

Desmond (Des) Joseph Ireland, MBBS, FRCSC, died on September 15, 2018, in Winnipeg, Man., at age 88. Dr. Ireland was certified by the Royal College in Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery in 1959. Outside of medicine, he had a passion for genealogical research. Read more about Dr. Ireland.

Enn Jomm, MDCM, FRCSC, died on October 9, 2018, in Newmarket, Ont., at age 81. Dr. Jomm was certified by the Royal College in General Surgery in 1971. From 1980 to his retirement in 2000, he worked as a senior staff surgeon at Shouldice Hospital in Thornhill, Ont. Read more about Dr. Jomm.

Eldon Edward Lee, MD, FRCSC, died on September 3, 2018, in Prince George, B.C., at age 95. Dr. Lee was certified by the Royal College in Obstetrics and Gynecology in 1963. He was the first, and for many years the only, OB/GYN north of Kamloops, B.C. Read more about Dr. Lee.

Joseph Jacques Lemire, MD, FRCSC, died on August 3, 2018, in Outremont, Que., at age 87. Dr. Lemire was certified by the Royal College in General Surgery in 1963. He earned his medical degree at the University of Montreal in 1957. Read more about Dr. Lemire.

Harpreet Lohrasbe, MBBS, FRCPC, died on September 17, 2018, in Victoria, B.C., at age 63. Dr. Lohrasbe was certified by the Royal College in Psychiatry in 1989. She earned her medical degree from the Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences in 1979.

Noel John Lowry, MBChB, FRCPC, died on October 8, 2018, in Saskatoon, Sask., at age 69. Dr. Lowry was certified by the Royal College in Pediatrics (1980) and Neurology (1984). For a time, he was the sole pediatric neurologist practising in Saskatchewan. Read more about Dr. Lowry.

George Orr-McAuley, MBChB, FRCSC, died on September 22, 2018, in Scarborough, Ont., at age 82. Dr. McAuley was certified by the Royal College in Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery in 1969. An Irishman, he spent most of his career in the greater Toronto area. Read more about Dr. McAuley.

John Graham McCleave, MD, FRCPC, died on October 6, 2018, in Fredericton, N.B., at age 82. Dr. McCleave was certified by the Royal College in Diagnostic Radiology in 1973. He worked as a radiologist at the Dr. Everett Chalmers Hospital until his retirement. Read more about Dr. McCleave.

Samuel Milrod, MD, FRCSC, died on August 25, 2018, in North York, Ont., at age 99. Dr. Milrod was certified by the Royal College in General Surgery in 1952. A veteran of World War II, he got his first surgical training on the battlefield. Read more about Dr. Milrod.

Donald B. (Monty) Montgomery, MD, FRCPC, died on September 23, 2018, in Toronto, Ont., at age 89. Dr. Montgomery was certified by the Royal College in Internal Medicine 1960. He spent his career at the Queensway General Hospital in Etobicoke. Read more about Dr. Montgomery.

Henry Telford James Mount, MDCM, FRCSC, died on August 30, 2018, in Ottawa, Ont., at age 86. Dr. Mount was certified by the Royal College in Ophthalmology in 1963. He was Ottawa's first neuro-ophthalmologist and pioneer in the field of electroretinography. Read more about Dr. Mount.

Normand Ludger Poirier, MD, FRCSC, died on September 12, 2018, in Boucherville, Que., at age 78. Dr. Poirier was certified by the Royal College in Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery in 1975. He was a graduate of the University of Montreal Medical School in 1965. Read more about Dr. Poirier.

Paul Adrian Pugh, MD, FRCSC, died on September 13, 2018, in Moncton, N.B., at age 92. Dr. Pugh was certified by the Royal College in Obstetrics and Gynecology in 1958. He practiced for many years at The Moncton Hospital. Read more about Dr. Pugh.

Shailini (Shelly) Rani Sarwal, MD, FRCPC, died on August 31, 2018, in Halifax, N.S., at age 48. Dr. Sarwal was certified by the Royal College in Internal Medicine (1999), Medical Microbiology (2001) and Infectious Diseases (2001). She had a fulfilling career in public health and loved teaching. Read more about Dr. Sarwal.

John Michael Seary, MD, FRCPC, died on August 26, 2018, in St. John’s, N.L., at age 82. Dr. Seary was certified by the Royal College in Diagnostic Radiology in 1979. Until his retirement, he practised as a specialist in radiology and ultrasound at the Grace General Hospital. Read more about Dr. Seary.

Harold Frederick Shane, MD, FRCPC, died on September 16, 2018, in North Vancouver, B.C., at age 77. Dr. Shane was certified by the Royal College in Psychiatry in 1970. He earned his medical degree at the University of Manitoba in 1965. Read more about Dr. Shane.

Elisabeth Mary Wagner, MD, FRCSC, died on September 16, 2018, in Calgary, Alta., at age 53. Dr. Wagner was certified by the Royal College in Obstetrics and Gynecology in 1999. During close to 20 years at the Peter Lougheed Centre, she delivered countless babies. Read more about Dr. Wagner.

David Frederick White, MD, FRCPC, died on September 10, 2018, in Mahone Bay, N.S., at age 83. Dr. White was certified by the Royal College in Internal Medicine in 1965. He was formerly medical director of the Saskatchewan Cancer Foundation. Read more about Dr. White.


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