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Announcing our 2017 Prix d’excellence-Specialist of the Year recipients

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We are pleased to announce our regional Prix d’excellence-Specialist of the Year recipients for 2017. Hailing from across Canada, our recipients showcase the diversity of specialist practice and a shared passion for patient care.

Meet this year’s winners »

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The meaning of mentorship (as told by our Mentor of the Year recipients)

Discussion between colleagues

Famed director Steven Spielberg once described “The delicate balance of mentoring someone [as] not creating them in your own image, but giving them the opportunity to create themselves.”

We are pleased to reveal this year’s regional Mentor of the Year recipients. These doctors know the importance of positive influence on career development and peer-to-peer support. Read on to find out who they are and, in their own words, what mentorship means to them.

Meet our Mentor of the Year recipients for 2017 »

Do you have a mentor (past or current) you’d like to give a shout-out to? Email a few details to We’d love to share your stories on Facebook and Twitter. (Bonus points if you send a photo!)

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We just funded 6 research projects — get all the details!

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Each year, we contribute to the advancement of medical education by supporting researchers and educators working across a diverse range of disciplines, health settings and environments. Please join us in celebrating our newest cohort of esteemed researchers!

Medical Education Research Grant recipients for 2017
This grant supports quality research in postgraduate medical education and continuing professional development involving Royal College Fellows.

Principal investigators Funded projects
Nha Voduc, MD, FRCPC (University of Ottawa) Measuring development of competency with the Ontario Bronchoscopy Assessment Tool
Ryan Brydges, PhD (St. Michael’s Hospital) and Jeffrey J.H. Cheung, PhD(c) (The Wilson Centre, Toronto General Hospital and University of Toronto) Competency by what design? Exploring the impact of integrated instruction on procedural skills transfer
Vicki Leblanc, PhD (The University of Ottawa) The role of emotions in clinical reasoning and recall
Carmen L. Mueller, MD, FRCSC, MEd, FACS (McGill University) Reciprocal peer mentorship for practicing surgeons - modernization of continuous professional development in surgery
Geoffrey Norman, PhD (McMaster University) Diagnostic errors: knowledge deficit vs cognitive bias and checklists

Find out more about these projects. Visit the recipients’ webpage to read project abstracts and to learn how these projects will impact medical education research.

Royal College/AMS CanMEDS recipient for 2017
This grant is offered in partnership with the AMS Phoenix Call-to-Caring to support research, development or implementation of projects that leverage the 2015 CanMEDS Framework; specifically, projects that aim to instill and sustain compassion, empathy and professional values in the environments in which health professionals learn and work.

Principal investigator Funded project
Melissa Duffy, PhD (University of Ottawa) Managing emotionally-charged events: the impact of stress inoculation training on empathy in simulation

Find out more about this project. Visit the recipients webpage to read the project abstract.

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MOC Tip of the Month
MOC Tip: Guest tip from the Royal College Services Centre

You MUST visit our MOC tips page! Here’s why.

MOC Tip of the Month

  1. There are 16 MOC tips awaiting your discovery, written by Fellows for Fellows and other Health Care Professionals participating in the MOC Program.
  2. We have tips for each section of the MOC Program — group learning, self-learning and assessment.
  3. We add tips every month, so check back often and never miss a tip!

Check out the MOC Tips page today
(Note: Tips are arranged by MOC Program section)

Did you know? MOC tips are also readily accessible from your MAINPORT ePortfolio dashboard (under “MOC Resources” and “MOC Program News”).

Don’t miss these recent/timely tips

  • Use video to improve your consultation skills
  • Leverage metrics your hospital is already collecting for your MOC
  • Turn your presentations into MOC credit opportunities
  • Complete a Personal Learning Project in six simple steps
  • Claim MOC credits while pursuing your research activities
  • Triple your conference learning
  • And many more …

Share "what works" for you!

Big or small, we'd love to hear your MOC tip. Submit a tip through our online form. If we use it, we'll send it to our 40,000+ members in an upcoming issue of Dialogue (attributed to you). We'll also post it on our website where it can be searched and read by all our MOC Program participants.

(Note: You’ll have a chance to review the final tip before it is published).

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What people are saying about MOC tips

“Thank you for your MOC Tip of the Month. I very much enjoyed it and used it to create a template for developing a PLP. As the CPD Chair for the Canadian Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, I am trying to assist our members in their CPD activities. We will use the template at our annual meeting this year for both the accredited and non-accredited educational activities.” — Gigi Osler, MD, FRCSC, 2017 President-Elect of the Canadian Medical Association

“I received several positive comments about my PLP tip. People felt the steps were helpful with the use of the personal example. In fact, one person is planning to attend a course on Indigenous health!” — Shahid Ahmed, MD, FRCPC, MOC tip author

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Up to 60% off Royal College merchandise and CanMEDS publications

Merchandise and Catalogues

  • Have you been eyeing a Royal College golf tee?
  • Is there a CanMEDS publication missing from your personal library?
  • Are you in want of a branded pen, mug, tie or pashmina?

Save up to 60% off our CanMEDS publications and items in our Insignia Collection. Our fall sale starts September 13 and runs while supplies last.

Get all the details and link to our online store »

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We’re asking you: What is the best advice you have for a new specialist?


Over 1800 doctors passed their Royal College exams so far this year. Next month, newly-certified specialists will gather at Royal College Convocation to celebrate their achievement.

We’re asking you: What is the best advice you have for a new specialist?

This could be advice you were given (or advice you wish you’d been given!) Poignant, funny or practical – we’ll compile your best ideas and publish them in our October newsletter.

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Disclosing harm: Tips from the CMPA


Contributor: Canadian Medical Protective Association

When your patient is harmed as a result of a patient safety incident, you have an obligation to disclose the reasons for the outcome. This conversation should occur in a timely, open and honest manner.

Disclosure is a process typically requiring several discussions at each of two general stages.

  1. Initial disclosure should be made with the patient as soon as reasonably possible, focusing first on the known facts and the provision of further clinical care.
  2. Post-analysis disclosure focuses on the reasons for harm as determined by appropriate analysis.

At both stages, ensure the patient knows who to contact with any concerns or follow-up questions. This information should be written down whenever possible. Let the patient know if a review will occur and clarify the timing and focus of the review, as well as the nature of the patient’s participation.

To learn more about your disclosure obligations, visit “Disclosing harm from healthcare delivery: Open and honest communication with patients.”

Related: Good Practices Guide (No evident harm – Cases) and Good Practices Guide (Disclosure road map)

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Our Royal College in China for CCRE

CCRE Banner

For the fourth consecutive year, the China Conference on Residency Education (CCRE) brought together an outstanding and diverse group of educators, researchers and thought leaders at the forefront of postgraduate medical education (PGME) in China and in Canada.

  • Theme: Standardized Residency Training: Striving for Quality
  • Location: Beijing, China
  • Dates: June 15-17, 2017

This three-day conference is sponsored by the Royal College, the Peking University First Hospital and the Chinese Medical Doctor Association. CCRE plays an important role in supporting the Chinese government’s standardization of PGME across the country.

  • Andrew Padmos, MD, FRCPC, Royal College CEO

    “Attendance at CCRE this year was 800+, more than doubling our initial success. Hats off to Susan Brien, Joanne Jia and all others who helped make it a success! I was pleased to present our stalwart partners at Peking University First Hospital [PUFH] with a certificate marking their achievement of institutional accreditation by the Royal College. PUFH is intent on advancing to full accreditation of core residency training in the next several years. We are pleased to assist them with this goal. From their drive and commitment to quality, I think they could become a ‘shining star’ in residency training in China.” - Andrew Padmos, MD, FRCPC, Royal College CEO

  • Michelle Chiu, MD, FRCPC

    "It was an honour to work with clinician teachers and educators from across China at CCRE – sharing ideas, discussing new approaches to teaching and assessing trainees – the energy, inquisitiveness and commitment to advancing residency education was impressive and inspiring!" - Michelle Chiu, MD, FRCPC, Royal College simulation educator; simulation director & associate professor, Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine and Department of Innovation in Medical Education, The Ottawa Hospital and University of Ottawa

  • Stanley J. Hamstra, PhD

    “The Royal College has an expert in accreditation in Sarah Taber. I participated in a symposium with her, and we were able to present to our Chinese colleagues the contrast in accreditation processes between the US and Canada. I think they benefitted enormously in seeing how different approaches can work in different countries, and I think it will help them determine the best model for China.” - Stanley J. Hamstra, PhD, vice president, Milestone Research and Evaluation, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education

  • Sarah Taber, MHA/MGSS

    “I’ve presented on accreditation many times before, but this was my first time addressing participants at CCRE. I could sense how engaged the audience was to learn about our Canadian processes and current efforts to update our accreditation system. Stan Hamstra’s complementary overview of the American system added a great deal of value by introducing a different, equally valid approach and contrasting it with the Canadian model. All in all, it was a great experience.” – Sarah Taber, MHA/MGSS, associate director, Education Strategy & Accreditation, Royal College

  • Glenn D. Posner, MDCM, FRCSC

    "It has been a great honour to be involved with CCRE for the past three years. My colleagues and I have made friends with some very passionate and engaged medical educators who are very excited to learn new techniques that they can use with their learners. My favourite part of facilitating workshops in China is when I hear the examples that groups come up with after we've given them time to work on a problem — they are usually very different from the examples that we hear in North America, but they are always very thoughtful and innovative. Each time I teach in China, I feel that if I can get a few clinician educators to have an epiphany about how they can implement a new teaching strategy, then I've accomplished something."- Glenn D. Posner, MDCM, FRCSC, Royal College simulation educator; medical director, uOSSC and associate professor, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of Ottawa

  • Damian Paton-Gay, MD, FRCSC

    “[CCRE] was a fantastic experience. We were warmly welcomed and enjoyed speaking to a very engaged audience. There was an obvious, sincere desire amongst attendees to advance resident education in China. The conference was very well-organized and I had ample opportunity to learn about another medical system and training regime from our Chinese hosts.” – Damian Paton-Gay, MD, FRCSC, assistant clinical professor, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta; trauma director, Royal Alexandra Hospital

  • Susan Brien, MD, FRCSC

    “The fourth China Conference on Residency Education focused on sharing the challenges of transitioning to a new way of teaching and assessing residents. Over the last four years, we have shared our teaching techniques with colleagues from China who are committed to system change. As co-chair of this event, we have enjoyed working together with fellow educators from various regions in China.” – Susan Brien, MD, FRCSC, director, Practice and Systems Innovation, Royal College; and vice president, Asia-Pacific, Royal College International

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Sign up for ICRE’s Mentorship Program to gain individualized advice from a MedEd expert

Discussion between individuals

Are you a resident or early career physician? Are you interested in networking with and receiving invaluable, one-on-one professional development advice from a medical education (MedEd) expert? Don’t miss ICRE’s Mentorship Program!

Sign up early to reserve your spot with your preferred MedEd mentor.

The Mentorship Program provides participants with useful, individualized advice from an experienced educator with expertise in

  • teaching,
  • assessment,
  • education leadership,
  • education research,
  • and more.

Check out our list of mentors for 2017 and discover which expert’s areas of academic interest most appeal to you.

Spots for ICRE’s 2017 Mentorship Program are limited. Pre-registration is required.

Enhance your conference experience with the 2017 ICRE conference app

Have the latest ICRE 2017 information and updates at your fingertips during the October 19-21 conference in Quebec City, Canada. Download the ICRE 2017 mobile app (available for iOS and Android devices).

This user-friendly app gives attendees quick access to valuable information about ICRE, including

  • floor plans,
  • plenary speaker bios,
  • program schedules,
  • conference abstracts,
  • session evaluations,
  • and much more.

New for 2017: The app contains a polling feature to allow conference participants to engage and respond to polls and questions in real-time during select sessions.

With five plenaries, 19 learning tracks, over 60 workshops and more than 200 poster and paper presentations, ICRE 2017 offers participants a lot to see and do. Enhance your ICRE 2017 experience by downloading the mobile app!

Connect with us:

@ICREConf | @drjfrank (Conference Chair) #ICRE2017

2017 ICRE Banner

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Last chance to save on Simulation Summit registration

Individual at registration booth

Time is running out to save on your Simulation Summit 2017 registration fees!

Register online before September 15 at 23:59 ET, to save.

Don’t miss your chance to attend this unique, practical and interprofessional conference on medical education using simulation. Each year, it attracts hundreds of participants from around the world including simulation educators, researchers, health care professionals and others working in the field.

Quick links

See you in Montreal, November 1-2, 2017!

2017 Sim Summit Banner

Connect with us:

@RC_SimSummit | @doc4brains (Conference chair) |


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Upcoming courses (simulation education)

Doctor walking down a hospital hallway

Simulation Educator Training (SET) course

Learn to integrate simulation into teaching, training & professional development programs.

Learn more about the SET course.

Upcoming (English language) courses

Montreal, Que. – October 29-31, 2017 Steinberg Centre for Simulation and Interactive Learning, McGill University (3575 Parc Avenue, Suite 5640, Montreal, H2X 3P9) Register now

Principles of Assessment in Simulation Supplement (PASS)

Practice and integrate simulation-based assessments into competency-based education.

Learn more about the PASS course.

Upcoming (English language) course

Montreal, Que. – November 3rd, 2017
Le Centre Sheraton Montreal Hotel (1201 Boulevard Rene-Levesque West, Montreal, H3B 2L7) Register now


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Visit our booth at these upcoming events!

Doctor walking down a hospital hallway

Meet staff face-to-face, ask questions and learn more about your Royal College.

International Conference on Residency Education (ICRE)
October 19-21, 2017
Quebec City, Quebec

Canadian Association of Physician Assistants (CAPA) Annual Conference
October 26-29, 2017
Ottawa, Ontario

Canadian Cardiovascular Congress
October 21-24, 2017
Vancouver, British Columbia

Canadian Society of Internal Medicine Annual Meeting
November 1-4, 2017
Toronto, Ontario

2017 CSEM/Diabetes Canada Professional Conference & Annual Meetings
November 1-4, 2017
Edmonton, Alberta


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Members in the news

Doctor walking down a hospital hallway

“While I always had aspirations to practise medicine, my parents still cannot believe I am an orthopedic surgeon,” Darren de SA, MD, FRCSC (“No bones about it: Surgeon helps keep patients on their toes,” The Hamilton Spectator).

“It’s clear that our current approach to drugs in this city and this country doesn’t seem to be having the desired impact,” Eileen De Villa, MD, FRCPC (“Should Toronto push to decriminalize all drugs? The city’s medical health officer ready to consider it,” Toronto Star).

“Although it would seem intuitive to test before treating, these conditions are often diagnosed and treated based on symptoms alone, partly because testing is not always readily available (especially within a short turnaround time),” Samir Gupta, MD, FRCPC (“Breathing issues are often under-tested, over-treated,” Toronto Star)

“In theory you do make it more likely that someone will turn to something that is more dangerous, but that doesn’t mean that it wasn’t the right thing to do in the first place,” David Juurlink, MD, FRCPC (“Crackdown on opioids fuels heroin increase,” London Free Press).

“In the industrialized world we’re seeing a very definite and clear decline in sperm counts, in quality, even among fertile men, and as the world becomes more toxic, the effect will be greater,” Art Leader, MD, FRCSC (“Let’s talk about male infertility,” Toronto Star).

“One theory is, that depression that occurs right before Alzheimer’s disease is an early symptom or manifestation of the illness. Again, this points to the reason to seek treatment early,” Robert Madan, MD, FRCPC (“Depression in dementia patients can be tackled,” Toronto Star).

“This month marks three decades for me in a community-based pediatric clinic. ….The saying of ‘the more things change the more they stay the same,’ does not quite fit the shifting patterns of children’s health I have observed,” Peter Nieman, MBChB, FRCPC (“Dr. Peter Nieman: Reflecting on 30 years as a pediatrician,” Regina Leader-Post).

“There is a lot of information out there for cancer patients. But none of it talks about the quality of treatment and how to get top-notch care. Once I realized that information wasn’t out there, when I went through this journey with my friend, I realized that a how-to manual was needed,” David Palma, MD, FRCPC (“Cancer doctor writes book after his best friend’s diagnosis,” Toronto Star).

"I get phone calls and emails in my office every day from people in despair, because they don't know how to survive. They can't do things for themselves because of the seriousness of their condition," – Eleanor Stein, MD, FRCPC (“Chronic fatigue syndrome in Canada 'even worse than we thought': survey,” CTV News).

“In cell culture, we've been able to take that protein, and now we have a series of drugs that will reverse the process. We have these drugs and we can use them in cell culture. Now we need to take them to animal studies,” Michael Strong, MD, FRCPC (“Researchers close in on drugs for severe head injury, ALS,” CBC News).

“We believe we have a very effective model here. We would like to scale it up and work with regional partners,” Jeffrey Turnbull, MD, FRCPC (“The Ottawa Hospital to create a co-ordination service for medically assisted dying,” Ottawa Citizen).

Congratulations to Dr. Jennifer Blake!

Jennifer M. Blake, MD, FACOG, FRCSC, CEO of The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada, has been awarded the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists’ (ACOG) Distinguished Service Award for 2018. This award is to recognize her “outstanding contributions to the practice of obstetrics and gynecology and the promotion of women’s health.” It will be presented at the ACOG’s Annual Clinical and Scientific Meeting in April 2018. Congratulations, Dr. Blake!


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In memoriam


Gobinda L. Chakrabarti (Dr. Chak), MBBS, FRCPC, died on July 19, 2017, in Scarborough, Ont., at age 85. Dr. Chakrabarti was certified by the Royal College in Neurology (1967) and Psychiatry (1968). A graduate of the University of Calcutta, he studied and practised medicine in England, Scotland, the United States and Canada before retiring in 2012. Read more about Dr. Chakrabarti.

Chifumbe Chintu, MD, FRCPC, died on May 4, 2017, in Zambia, at age 79. Dr. Chintu was certified by the Royal College in Pediatrics in 1973. A “medical icon” and “national treasure,” Professor Chintu was publically mourned by Zambia’s President Lungu and thanked for his “unequalled loyalty and distinguished service to the medical profession” – both in Africa and around the world. Read more about Dr. Chintu.

Winona (Win) Marion Copping, MD, FRCPC, died on July 23, 2017, in South Surrey, B.C., at age 90. Dr. Copping was certified by the Royal College in Psychiatry in 1973. She went on to practise in Kingston and in Ottawa, and is remembered for her “quiet wisdom” and “gracious and accepting approach to others.” Read more about Dr. Copping.

Ewald V. Dwersteg, MD, FRCSC, died on July 25, 2017, in Duncan, B.C., at age 90. Dr. Dwersteg was certified by the Royal College in Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery in 1965. “Kind to a fault,” he lived a full life, including surviving six months as a prisoner of war. He will be sadly missed by those who knew him. Read more about Dr. Dwersteg.

Archibald (Archie) Gray Erwin, MD, FRCPC, died on April 22, 2017, in Ottawa, Ont., at age 77. Dr. Erwin was certified by the Royal College in Diagnostic Radiology in 1978. He is remembered as a “brilliant doctor and teacher” who serviced patients in Brockville for many years. Read more about Dr. Erwin.

John Howard Feindel, MD, FRCPC, died on July 18, 2017, in Chester, N.S., at age 86. Dr. Feindel was certified by the Royal College in Anesthesiology in 1963. While President of the Canadian Anesthesiologists' Society, he learned French — at the age 51 — so that he could make the annual meeting address in both official languages. Read more about Dr. Feindel.

William (Bill) George Gawman, MD, FRCPC, died on July 20, 2017, in Kitchener, Ont., at age 87. Dr. Gawman was certified by the Royal College in Diagnostic Radiology in 1963. He practised for many years in Hamilton, Kitchener-Waterloo and Fergus before retiring at age 81. Read more about Dr. Gawman.

Jelisaveta (Eli) Hollo, MD, FRCPC, died on July 25, 2017, in Winnipeg, Man., at age 92. Dr. Hollo was certified by the Royal College in Psychiatry in 1971. For more than 25 years, she took a daily bus ride to Selkirk Mental Health Centre where she worked, eventually retiring in 1988. Remembered as someone “who thrived on human interaction” she was never shy to engage in deep discussions or debates. Read more about Dr. Hollo.

Réjean Lebel, MD, FRCSC, died on July 16, 2017, in Boston, USA, at age 76. Dr. Lebel was certified by the Royal College in Orthopedic Surgery in 1974. From 1985 until 2000, he worked at the Redington Fairview Hospital. He is remembered for his “undying passion for life” and “dedicated love for his work.” Read more about Dr. Lebel.

Richard Leslie (Dick) Loomer, MD, FRCSC, died on June 26, 2017, in New Westminster, B.C., at age 78. Dr. Loomer was certified by the Royal College in Orthopedic Surgery in 1975. An adventurer and lover of life, he practised his speciality in Westminster, Whitehorse and Haidi Gwaii. Read more about Dr. Loomer.

William Grant (Bill) Macrae, MD, FRCSC, died on July 7, 2017, in Collinwood, Ont., at age 77. Dr. Macrae was certified by the Royal College in Ophthalmology in 1971. Honoured with numerous awards, including one his students developed for him (Millennium Mentor award); the University of Toronto awarded him with the Excellence in Postgraduate Medical Education Award upon his retirement. The school also established the William Macrae Fund for Excellence in Ophthalmic Education. Read more about Dr. Macrae.

Tilak Raj Malhotra, MBBS, FRCPC, died on July 17, 2017, in Prince Albert, Sask., at age 78. Dr. Malhotra was certified by the Royal College in Pediatrics in 1977. For more than 40 years, he served the Prince Albert community. He holds the distinction of being the first pediatrician from Saskatchewan to be invited to participate on the national board for the Canadian Pediatrics Society. Read more about Dr. Malhotra.

Brian Francis A. G. McKenna, MBChB, FRCSC, died on August 1, 2017, in Saskatoon, Sask., at age 88. Dr. McKenna was certified by the Royal College in Orthopedic Surgery in 1966. Before retiring in 1995, he practised at the Medical Arts Building, and City and St. Paul’s hospitals in Saskatoon. Read more about Dr. McKenna.

Rosman Frederick Miranda, MD, FRCSC, died on August 1, 2017, in Belleville, Ont., at age 91. Dr. Miranda was certified by the Royal College in Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery in 1968. Born in Trinidad, he worked as a surgeon at the Belleville General Hospital and in private practice for many years. Read more about Dr. Miranda.

Aditya Vikram Mishra, MD, FRCSC, died on August 4, 2017, in Halifax, N.S., at age 55. Dr. Mishra was certified by the Royal College in Ophthalmology in 1990. Before his death, he worked as an associate professor in the Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences at Dalhousie University. He is remembered as a “great doctor,” teacher and mentor. Read more about Dr. Mishra.

Donald Edward Morris, MDCM, FRCSC, died on July 19, 2017, in Tantallon, N.S., at age 90. Dr. Morris was certified by the Royal College in General Surgery in 1963. For years he worked in Dartmouth, N.S., as a member of the surgical staff at Dartmouth General and the Halifax Infirmary. He also had a practice at the Woodlawn Medical Clinic. Read more about Dr. Morris.

Zelick Perler, MD, FRCSC, died on July 6, 2017, in Vancouver, B.C., at age 82. Dr. Perler was certified by the Royal College in Urology in 1966. Remembered for his kindness, compassion and dedication to others, he will be greatly missed by his family and friends. Read more about Dr. Perler.

Benoît-Philippe Poitras, MD, FRCSC, died on June 27, 2017, in Montreal, Que., at age 75. Dr. Poitras was certified by the Royal College in Orthopedic Surgery in 1972. He dedicated his career to pediatric patients, where he was known to listen attentively to them. He is remembered by his family as a man of action and peace. Read more about Dr. Poitras.

Suzanne Richter, MD, FRCPC, died on April 2, 2017, in London, Ont., at age 46. Dr. Richter was certified by the Royal College in Internal Medicine (2009) and Medical Oncology (2010). At the time of her death, she was a medical oncologist at London Health Sciences Centre and a member of the faculty at Schulich Medicine & Dentistry, Western University. Read more about Dr. Richter.

Gerald William Scott, MBBS, FRCSC, died on July 13, 2017, in Salt Spring Island, B.C., at age 86. Dr. Scott was certified by the Royal College in General Surgery in 1964. Surgeon and scientist, he was director of the Surgical Medical Research Institute at the University of Alberta for 10 years (1978-1988). Read more about Dr. Scott.

Jacques Turmel, MD, FRCPC, died on April 25, 2017, in Quebec, Que., at age 89. Dr. Turmel earned his medical degree from Laval University in 1953 and was certified by the Royal College in Psychiatry in 1958. He will be missed by family and friends. Read more about Dr. Turmel.


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