Richard K. Reznick, MD, MEd, FRCSC, FACS, FRCSEd (hon), FRCSI (hon), FRCS (hon)

Richard Reznick

A graduate of McGill University, Dr. Reznick completed a general surgical residency at University of Toronto, before pursuing a master’s degree in medical education at Southern Illinois University and a fellowship in colorectal surgery at University of Texas. His passion for medical education contributed to the founding of the Wilson Centre, a renowned health profession education research institute where he was the inaugural director. In 1999, he was appointed Vice President, Education of the University Health Network. He is a former R. S. McLaughlin Professor and Chair of the Department of Surgery at University of Toronto. He recently completed ten years as dean of the Faculty of Health Sciences at Queen’s University and as chief executive officer of the Southeastern Ontario Academic Medical Organization (SEAMO).

Dr. Reznick has been active in medical education research and development for his entire career. He was instrumental in developing the OSCE that is now used for medical licensure in Canada. He ran a research program on assessment of technical competence for surgeons and supervised a fellowship program in surgical education. He championed the introduction of competency-based medical education for all residency programs at Queen’s University. His seminal work as an educator has been recognized by organizations such as the Medical Council of Canada, the National Board of Medical Examiners, the Karolinska Institutet and by honorary fellowships in the Royal Colleges of Edinburgh, Ireland and England.

Dr. Reznick has been actively involved with the Royal College for nearly three decades. He has served in various leadership capacities, including as the Royal College’s Vice President of education and Vice Chair of Royal College International


M. Ian Bowmer, MD CM, FRCPC, FRCP (Lon)

M. Ian Bowmer, MD CM, FRCPC, FRCP (Lon)

Dr. Michael Ian Bowmer became the Executive Director of the Medical Council of Canada (MCC) in January 2007. He is Professor Emeritus and former Dean of the Faculty of Medicine at Memorial University of Newfoundland and Labrador. Dr. Bowmer joined Memorial in 1975, and practiced internal medicine and infectious diseases from 1984 to 2010. A former member of the National Advisory Committee on Immunization, Dr. Bowmer chaired a number of advisory committees in Newfoundland and Labrador. He also chaired the CFPC-Health Canada Committee on the treatment of HIV in Adults and Adolescents and is widely recognized as a leader in HIV care and research.

In 1991, Dr. Bowmer was elected President of the MCC. He was also appointed to the Council of the RCPSC, where he sat as Chair of the Accreditation and Credential Committees. In 1994, he became the first Chair of the Board of the new regional Community Health St. John’s Region. As one of the original non-government members of the Health Council of Canada, he became its Vice-Chair from 2007 until July 2010.

Dr. Bowmer is the recipient of a number of honours. He received Canada’s 125th Confederation Medal. In 2003, he was elected to the Royal College of Physicians, London. That same year, he also received the MCC’s Dr. Louis Levasseur Award for outstanding contributions to the mission and vision of the MCC. He was also recipient of the Ronald V. Christie Award from the Canadian Association of Professors of Medicine for outstanding contribution to academic medicine in Canada. In 2012, the Royal College awarded him the James H. Graham Award for merit, in recognition of achievements reflecting the aims and objectives of the College.


Tom McLaughlin, MD, FRCPC, FAAP

Tom McLaughlin, MD, FRCPC, FAAP

Dr. Tom McLaughlin is a pediatrician at the BC Children’s Hospital. He completed his residency at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, where he was selected as chief resident. In addition to his clinical work, he is currently completing a Master in Public Policy at the Harvard Kennedy School, with a focus on health policy and quality improvement.

Dr. McLaughlin brings with him a breadth of experience in medical education and health policy. As a student, he led government relations for Canada’s medical students as the Canadian Federation of Medical Students’ vice president of Government Affairs. As a resident, he served on the PARO Board of Directors and on the board of directors of Resident Doctors of Canada (formerly CAIR), where he served as board chair, treasurer and, subsequently, president. In this role, he helped develop and implement resiliency curriculum for resident wellness.

Dr. McLaughlin was active in the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada as a resident member on the Health and Public Policy Committee and the Residency Accreditation Committee. He currently co-leads the Royal College’s Fatigue Risk Management Task Force. He has presented at local, national and international conferences on competency-based medical education, health human resources, quality improvement and health policy. More recently, Dr. McLaughlin serves on the CaRMS Board of Directors and the Doctors of BC Council on Health Economics and Policy.

Dr. McLaughlin has extensive governance and board experience. As treasurer of Resident Doctors of Canada (RDoC), he revamped the two million budget, helping save $100k annually. He created the first ever board training program for RDoC’s directors, led the Human Resources and Audit committees, and helped take the organization through the hiring of a new CEO. He also served on the Canadian Medical Association Board of Directors.

As a highly-experienced early career physician, Dr. McLaughlin hopes to enhance the voice of early career physicians on the Royal College Council and to help demonstrate the value of Fellowship to the next generation of Canadian specialist physicians.


David Ross, MD, FRCSC

David Ross

Born in Southern Ontario, Dr. David Ross graduated from medical school at the University of Toronto. Following internship and a year of anesthesia training at McGill University, he was a GP-anaesthetist in Northern Ontario for two years. He then undertook training in General Surgery, followed by Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, at Dalhousie University in Halifax, N.S. This was followed by two years of fellowship training in congenital Cardiac Surgery at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto and at the Royal Brompton National Heart Hospital in London, UK.

After eight years in practice as a pediatric and adult cardiac surgeon in Halifax, he relocated to Edmonton, Alta., in 2001 to assist with the expansion occurring in the Congenital Cardiac Surgery program at the Stollery Children’s Hospital.

Dr. Ross is the author or co-author of 147 peer-reviewed publications. From 2010 to 2016, he was director of the Division of Cardiac Surgery at the University of Alberta and the head of Cardiac Surgery for the Edmonton Zone, Alberta Health Services. During this period, the division increased its surgical volume by 17 per cent to over 2,000 open cases. The division also hired five new cardiac surgeons (three with PhDs), initiated an aggressive minimally invasive Cardiac Surgery program and doubled its financial resources to over five million to support its academic mission. The Edmonton Pediatric Cardiac Surgery program is the 8th largest in the STS Congenital Database with results in the top 10 per cent for the most complex lesions.

Dr. Ross was president of the Canadian Society of Cardiac Surgeons from 2012-2014.

Dr. Ross has been active in the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada as the first Residency Program Committee (RPC) director for the six-year integrated Cardiac Surgery program at Dalhousie University (1997-2001). He has served as a nucleus committee member (1995-2000) and chair of the Specialty Committee in Cardiac Surgery (2000-2006), as well as vice-chair of the Cardiac Surgery Examination Board (1999-2001) and as a member of Regional Advisory Committee 1 (2009-2015). Dr. Ross was elected to Council in 2015 and sits on Council’s Nominating Committee, Governance Committee and Financial Reporting and Risk Oversight Committee. He has been a member of the board of directors of Royal College International since 2015, and was recently appointed its chair.

Dr. Ross retired from surgical practice in 2018 but hopes to volunteer his extra free time and energy to various organizations including the Royal College.


Paul Kenneth Bronson Dagg, MD, FRCPC

Paul Kenneth Bronson Dagg

Dr. Paul Dagg is currently the medical director for the Mental Health and Substance Use Program for the Interior Health Authority of British Columbia (Interior Health). He moved to B.C. in 2005 to establish the Tertiary Mental Health Services for Interior Health, which were being developed as a result of the regionalization of services from the Riverview Hospital. He opened the Hillside Centre in Kamloops, B.C., and led Tertiary Mental Health Services until 2016. Prior to his arrival at Interior Health, he was the director of clinical services at the Royal Ottawa Hospital.

Dr. Dagg provides psychiatric and neuropsychiatric care for people with refractory illness who are admitted to Hillside Centre — a tertiary acute inpatient facility that provides services to clients from throughout B.C. He is also a clinical professor in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of British Columbia. In 2013, he was inducted as a member of the American College of Psychiatrists.

Dr. Dagg has been heavily involved in postgraduate training in medicine and Psychiatry. In 2016, he was awarded the Duncan Graham Award for Outstanding Contribution to Medical Education by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. He was the first person whose professional work is outside of an urban university centre to receive this award. He currently serves as chair of the Royal College’s Accreditation Committee. He also serves as a member of the Committee on Specialty Education — the committee that oversees all educational activities of the Royal College. He previously served as chair of the Specialty Committee in Psychiatry (2010-2016) and on the Psychiatry Examination Board as a member (1994-2003) and as vice-chair (2001-2003). Until 2005, he was assistant dean of Postgraduate Medical Education for the University of Ottawa’s Faculty of Medicine. He was also an associate professor and vice chair in the Department of Psychiatry. In 1996, he and a colleague were awarded the American College of Psychiatrists’ Award for Creativity in Psychiatric Education.

In addition to his administrative and educational responsibilities, Dr. Dagg is on the editorial board for the Journal of Ethics in Mental Health and has written on this topic. He has an interest in service delivery models in mental health, cognition in schizophrenia, psychotherapy and the role of evidence in its practice, and in the treatment of adults with pervasive developmental disorders and Asperger’s syndrome. He has led the development of an alternative competency-based assessment system for psychiatrists trained outside of Canada. He has consulted on psychiatric service delivery in inpatient, outpatient and community settings in cities across Canada. He recently completed his term as chair of the Board of Governors of Thompson Rivers University and is a member of the board of the British Columbia Forensic Psychiatric Services Commission.


Marcia Clark, MD, MSc, FRCSC

Marcia Clark

Marcia is an Orthopaedic Surgeon and Clinical Associate Professor at the University of Calgary. She is also the Medical Director for the Advance Technical Skill Simulation Laboratory (ATSSL) at the University of Calgary. This lab delivers simulation experiences to diverse learners in the health professions. From animal models, to task trainers to theatre -based simulation, the ATSSL offers a dynamic learning space with six staff and 2 million dollars of equipment.

Nationally, she is the Vice-Chair of the Surgical Foundations Advisory Committee at the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, helping to frame and implement Competency Based Medical Education (CBME) in Surgery across Canada. Marcia travels with the Royal College extensively to deliver medical education topic to international faculty. Her most recent trips include China, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait.

Clinically, she is an orthopaedic surgeon with a practice focused on surgical arthritis care and sport medicine. Marcia also provides medical care to several athletic teams including Calgary Wolfpack Rugby, University of Calgary Dinos, Formula One Car Racing (Montreal) and the Canadian Alpine Ski Team.

For leisurely pursuits, she has goals that include: being outside in daylight, alpine skiing, snowshoeing, hiking and biking. All activities that get her off concrete.


Cliff Yaffe, MD, FRCSC, FACS

Cliff Yaffe, MD, FRCSC, FACS

Dr. Cliff Yaffe completed his General Surgery residency at the University of Manitoba in 1981, followed by a Gastroenterology (GI) Fellowship at McGill University.

Dr. Yaffe first joined the Department of Surgery, Section of General Surgery, at the University of Manitoba in 1986 as an assistant professor of surgery. He was program director for the General Surgery Residency Program from 1996 to 2008 and the director of Surgical Foundations from 2003 to 2012. He also served as deputy head of the Section of General Surgery at St. Boniface Hospital from 1998 to 2014. From 2009 to 2014, he was the regional lead of General Surgery for the Winnipeg Regional Health Authority Surgery Program.

Dr. Yaffe’s involvement with the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada began in 1997. He currently serves as an onsite Royal College surveyor. He previously served as an examiner in General Surgery (2005-2016) and as a member of the General Surgery Examination Board (1997-2006) and Test Committee in General Surgery (1997-2001). He also served as an examiner in Colorectal Surgery (2010-2013) and as a member of the Specialty Committee in Colorectal Surgery (1997-2002, 2008-2013), Colorectal Surgery Examination Board (2008-2013) and the Surgical Foundations Advisory Committee (2008-2014).

Currently, Dr. Yaffe is an active staff member at Concordia General Hospital, St. Boniface Hospital and at the Health Sciences Centre. He is involved with many professional societies including the Royal College, the Canadian Association of General Surgeons, and the Canadian Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons, to name a few. Dr. Yaffe is currently focusing his clinical practice on colorectal surgery and General Surgery. At present, he is the associate dean, Postgraduate Medical Education, for the University of Manitoba’s Faculty of Health Sciences. He has held this position since November 2011.


Randolph P. Guzman, MD, FRCSC, FACS, RVT, RPVI

Randolph P. Guzman, MD, FRCSC, FACS, RVT, RPVI

Dr. Randy Guzman graduated with his Medical Doctorate in 1983. He then completed a residency in General Surgery in 1990, followed by a fellowship program in Vascular Surgery at the University of Manitoba. He completed his training in 1991.

Dr. Guzman has been in clinical practice for over 25 years. Currently, he is head of the Vascular Surgery Training Program at the University of Manitoba. He is also regional lead of Vascular Surgery for the Winnipeg Regional Health Authority and the site medical manager of the Department of Surgery at St. Boniface Hospital.

Dr. Guzman was program director for the Vascular Surgery Residency Program at the University of Manitoba from 1994 to 2007. He is active in the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada as the current chair-elect of the Specialty Committee in Vascular Surgery. He previously served as chief examiner in Vascular Surgery from 2008 to 2012. He has also served in various positions for the Canadian Society for Vascular Surgery, including as past president.

Dr. Guzman has extensive experience in clinical research and currently serves as the director of the Vascular Clinical Research Program at St. Boniface Hospital, a position he has held since 1999. He also served as the director of the Asper Clinical Research Institute from 2007 to 2013. His research focus in vascular disease has included over 60 research projects with 40 as the principal investigator.


Elizabeth Cowden, MD, FRCPC

Elizabeth Cowden

Dr. Cowden graduated with an MBChB and M.D. with Honours from Glasgow University. She was the recipient of a Research Fellowship, National Kidney Disease Research Foundation (U.K.) and Canadian Medical Research Council Fellowship Award in the Department of Physiology, University of Manitoba. Dr. Cowden was on the faculty of the University of Manitoba 1981 -1996. She was Head-Section of Endocrinology and Metabolism at St. Boniface General Hospital, Acting Head-University Section of Endocrinology & Metabolism, Head - Department of Medicine at St. Boniface General Hospital and Associate Head- Department of Medicine, University of Manitoba.

In July 1996, she moved to Halifax to become Head of the Department of Medicine at Dalhousie University and District Chief of the Department of Medicine at Capital Health. Dr. Cowden served as joint Academic and Clinical Head of the Department of Medicine at Dalhousie and QE II/Capital Health for some 10 years and continued active clinical practice in Endocrinology and on the Medicine Teaching Units, during this time.

Dr. Cowden returned to Winnipeg in February 2006 and has undertaken various administrative roles such as Chief Medical Officer, Site Medical Director for the Medicine Program and Chief of the Clinical Teaching Unit at the Grace Hospital, Section Head of Endocrinology & Metabolism and Co-chair of the Manitoba Privileges Advisory Committee, in the province of Manitoba. Dr. Cowden continues an active academic and clinical practice and continues to be privileged to work with a superb group of collaborators in the care of patients with diabetes.


Bill Pope, MD, FRCPC

Bill Pope

Bill is Winnipeg born and took his medical school and Anesthesiology training at the University of Manitoba. He has been Section Head of Adult Anesthesia at the HSC, Program Director in Anesthesiology and Undergraduate Associate Dean at the University of Manitoba as well as Chief Oral Examiner in Anesthesia for the Royal College of Physicians & Surgeons of Canada. He took a law degree in ‘late youth’ and was Executive Vice-President, Medical Services for St. Joseph’s Hospital Hamilton, returning to Winnipeg to be Assistant Registrar [Complaints] at the College of Physicians & Surgeons of Manitoba. For fifteen years he was Registrar and CEO of the College of Physicians & Surgeons of Manitoba and has been President of the Federation of Medical Regulatory Authorities of Canada. He retired from the CPSM in January, 2015. At that time he was made an Honorary Fellow of the College of Pharmacists of Manitoba and was presented with the Administrative Award in 2015 by Doctors Manitoba. In 2016, he was presented with the Distinguished Service Award by the Board of Governors of the University of Manitoba.

In the past he has been a member of the Credentials and Accreditation Committees of the Royal College of Physicians & Surgeons of Canada as well as a member of the Written Examination Committee and Chief Oral Examiner for Anesthesia.

He has been very involved in community social and artistic organization including the Boards of the Winnipeg Symphony Orchestra, Manitoba Opera, the Royal Manitoba Theatre Centre, Manitoba Music Barock, Opera Hamilton, the Board of PLAN Canada [formerly Foster Parents Plan] and the United Way of both Greater Winnipeg and Hamilton-Wentworth. In 2016, he completed ten years on the selection committee for the Rhodes Scholarship awards for the Canadian Prairies.

At present, he sits on the Council of St. John’s College (Anglican) of the University of Manitoba and the Boards of Manitoba Opera and Camerata Nova. As well he is a member of the Selection Committees for the Future Leaders of Manitoba Award and the Winnipeg Walk of Fame as well as the University of Manitoba Board of Governors selection committee for Honorary degree recipients.

To supplement his Royal Conservatory of Toronto piano associate diploma he is presently studying voice with Professor Mel Braun of the Desautels Faculty of Music at the University of Manitoba.


Roy Kirkpatrick, MD, FRCSC, FACS

Roy Kirkpatrick, MD, FRCSC, FACS

Dr. Roy Kirkpatrick graduated from Queen’s University in 1977 followed by a one year internship in Internal Medicine at the University of Manitoba. He subsequently completed a residency in General Surgery at the University of Ottawa in 1983.

After completing postgraduate training, he enjoyed an eclectic career. This included work as a doctor on a drilling ship in the North Atlantic, surgical locums in a number of small communities, and as an emergency room physician at The Ottawa Hospital’s General Campus.

In 1984, Dr. Kirkpatrick and his wife spent two years in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea. There, he provided General Surgery service as a volunteer for Cuso International to an estimated 750,000 people and supervised numerous surgical registrars from the University of Papua New Guinea. He worked as a “true general surgeon,” performing operations from craniotomy to club foot, and everything in between.

Dr. Kirkpatrick is an active staff member at the Huntsville District Memorial Hospital where he works as a general surgeon, a position he has held since 1987. He has provided regular locum coverage for surgery in Nunavut since 2004. He is a current member of Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières and, in 2015, provided foreign service in Pakistan. He previously provided service in 2010 for the Red Cross in Haiti.

Dr. Kirkpatrick has been an associate professor of surgery at the Northern Ontario School of Medicine (NOSM) since 2013. He is currently the lead physician on the Huntsville Physicians Local Education Group, and was recently appointed section chair of surgery in 2018. Huntsville hosts medical learners at all levels from the NOSM. Dr. Kirkpatrick is actively involved in the teaching of physician assistant students, NOSM undergraduates and General Surgery residents. He sits on the school’s Resident Wellness Committee, Postgraduate Education Committee and Surgical Foundations Competency Committee.

Dr. Kirkpatrick is involved with many professional societies. He is a member of the Canadian Association of General Surgeons (CAGS) and serves as a member of the Rural Surgery Committee, Global Surgery Committee and Division Chiefs Committee. He represents CAGS on the Rural Maternity Task Force — a joint initiative with the Society of Rural Physicians of Canada (SRPC), of which he is also a member. Dr. Kirkpatrick serves as the specialist representative on the Society of Rural Physicians of Canada’s Rural Road Map Implementation Committee. He is a member of the Canadian Medical Association and the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. He is a current member of the Royal College’s Regional Advisory Committee 3 and Committee on Specialty Education.

Dr. Kirkpatrick’s current memberships also include the Ontario Medical Association (OMA) and the Ontario Association of General Surgeons (OAGS). He was nominated by the OMA Section on General Surgery and OAGS, and in 2018 was awarded the OMA Section Service Award for General Surgery.


Brian Hodges, MD, PhD, FRCPC

Brian Hodges

Dr. Brian Hodges graduated from Queen’s University Medical School in 1989. He subsequently completed a residency in Psychiatry at the University of Toronto in 1994, and a Master’s of Higher Education the following year. In 2007, he completed a PhD at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education in Toronto.

In 2003, Dr. Hodges spent a year at the University of Paris, earning a diploma in Health Economics and Social Sciences. He established collaborations with the University of Paris and the École des Hautes Études en Santé Publique (EHESP) where he served as a member of the education board from 2007-2012.

From 2003 until 2011, Dr. Hodges served as director of the University of Toronto’s Donald R. Wilson Centre for Research in Education — one of the largest centres for health professional education research in the world. He currently serves as the Richard and Elizabeth Currie Chair in Health Professions Education Research at the Wilson Centre.

Dr. Hodges is the executive vice-president of education and chief medical officer at the University Health Network, consisting of the Toronto General, Toronto Western, Princess Margaret and Toronto Rehab hospitals, and the Michener Institute. He is a professor in the Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, at the University of Toronto and in the Department of Leadership, Adult and Higher Education at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education.

Dr. Hodges is a practising psychiatrist and teacher. His research focuses on assessment, competence, compassion and the future of the health profession. From 2010-2015, he was the project lead of the Associated Medical Services (AMS) Phoenix Project: A Call to Caring — an initiative to rebalance the technical and compassionate dimensions of health care. His work has been recognized with the Association of American Medical Colleges’ Flexner Award (2015) and the Karolinska Institutet Prize for Research in Medical Education (2016).

Dr. Hodges has worked internationally with medical schools and licensure organizations in New Zealand, Switzerland, Poland, Japan, Jordan, Israel, France, China, Australia and Ethiopia.

Dr. Hodges was elected to the Council of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada in 2015 and sits on Council’s Financial Reporting and Risk Oversight Committee. From 2004-2008, he served as chair of the Examination Committee, overseeing assessment in the 62 specialty programs in Canada, and as a member of the Committee on Specialty Education.


Kaif Pardhan, MD, FRCPC

Kaif Pardhan, MD, FRCPC

Dr. Kaif Pardhan studied medicine at the University of Manitoba and completed residency in Emergency Medicine at the University of Toronto. He is currently a Staff Emergency Physician at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre and McMaster Children’s Hospital. Dr. Pardhan has an enduring interest in medical education, fatigue management in residency training and healthcare administration. During his training, he served as President of the Manitoba Medical Students’ Association (MMSA) and the Professional Association of Residents of Ontario (PARO) and Vice President of Resident Doctors of Canada (RDoC, formerly CAIR). He has also been a Board member for the Canadian Medical Association (CMA) and a Board observer at the Ontario Medical Association (OMA). In these roles he represented his colleagues at the local, provincial and national levels.

Dr. Pardhan’s interests in medical education include assessments of teachers and trainees, CQI, leadership training and career transitions. His research is focused on: improving the number of assessments received by clinical teachers; and supervision and assessment of senior trainees by physicians new to practice. He believes mentoring leaders throughout their training and early in independent practice will build physician leadership capacity in the Canadian healthcare system. He has demonstrated this belief through his mentorship of trainees and organizational leaders.

Dr. Pardhan’s previous leadership roles have provided him with experience in organizational governance, strategic planning and change management. He has nine years of experience on Boards of Directors and executives. During this time, he has participated in the development and roll out of strategic plans at both RDoC and the Canadian Medical Association (CMA). He also has experience with search and selection processes for executives as well as consultant firms and legal counsel.

Finally, as a new in practice physician, Dr. Pardhan will bring a strong history of representing his colleagues to the Royal College. This perspective will bring value as we seek to engage with new fellows and continue to build on our success as an organization.


Mark Walton, MD, FRCSC

Mark Walton, MD, FRCSC

Dr. Mark Walton has been involved in medical education since 1993 when he came on Faculty as a Pediatric Surgeon at McMaster University. He is Professor of Surgery (since 2007) and was Assistant Dean, Postgraduate Medical Education (2004- 16). Prior to this he was the General Surgery Program Director (1999-2004) at McMaster University.

He is the past Chair of the Postgraduate Management Committee for the Council of Ontario Faculties of Medicine (PGM:COFM) and the past Chair of the AFMC Standing Committee on PG Education. He was a member of the Accreditation Committee (and its Steering committee) of the Royal College from 2004- 2010 and has participated in numerous Accreditation visits over the last 10 years as a Surveyor, Deputy Chair and Chair. He is involved in the Future of Medical Education Postgraduate project, as well as the redesign of the CanMEDS framework for the 2015 launch. In addition Dr. Walton is Vice Chair of the Committee on Specialties at the Royal College as well as Vice Chair of the Specialty Committee for Pediatric Surgery.

Dr. Walton’s professional interests include mentoring Medical Educators and Residents, developing systems for human health resource (HHR) planning (Chair of CAPER) and the costing of PG education. He sits on numerous committees related to HHR. In addition he has an active clinical practice in Pediatric Surgery.

In his spare time Dr. Walton enjoys traveling with his family and participates in a number of sports including triathlons, marathons, and hockey.


Trevor Young, MD, FRCPC

Trevor Young, MD, FRCPC

Professor L. Trevor Young is Dean of the University of Toronto’s Faculty of Medicine and Vice Provost, Relations with Health Care Institutions. He graduated from the medical school at the University of Manitoba in 1983. He completed his postgraduate training in psychiatry in 1987, and then his PhD at the Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto in 1995 and was a research fellow at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. He has been Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences at McMaster University; Professor and Head, Department of Psychiatry at the University of British Columbia; and Professor and Chair of the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Toronto. He was also Physician-in-Chief, Executive Vice President Programs at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto.

Prof. Young is a clinician-scientist who studies the molecular basis of bipolar disorder and its treatment. His awards include the 2015 Colvin Prize for Outstanding Achievement in Mood Disorders Research from the Brain and Behaviour Research Foundation, the Douglas Utting Award for outstanding contributions in the field of mood disorders, and the Canadian College of Neuropsychopharmacology Heinz Lehmann Award. He is a Distinguished Fellow of the American Psychiatric Association and a Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences.


Thomas Maniatis, MD, CM, MSc (Bioethics), FACP, FRCPC

Thomas Maniatis, MD, CM, MSc (Bioethics), FACP, FRCPC

Dr. Thomas Maniatis is an associate professor of medicine at McGill University and an attending physician at the McGill University Health Centre (MUHC). He is also the director of the MUHC Division of General Internal Medicine.

He completed a MSc in bioethics at McGill University in 2003 and is an affiliate member of the McGill Biomedical Ethics Unit. He is also co-chair of one of the research ethics boards at the Royal Victoria Hospital. In addition, Dr. Maniatis is the chair of the Faculty Postgraduate Promotions Committee, which oversees all remediation at the postgraduate level at McGill University. He also chaired the annual planning committee for the Canadian Society of Internal Medicine’s meeting in Montreal, Que., which took place in 2016.

Dr. Maniatis was program director for McGill’s Internal Medicine Residency Training Program from 2003-2014, during which time he adapted the program to integrate the duty hour regulations that were being newly adopted in Quebec. With this hands-on experience, he has presented across Canada on the topic of duty hour regulations in Internal Medicine, and has contributed to working groups on this topic at the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. He has published in this area, as well. He won the Royal College’s Program Director of the Year Award in 2011, the CAME Certificate of Merit Award from the Canadian Association for Medical Education in 2010, as well as numerous other local teaching awards at the MUHC.

Dr. Maniatis is active in the Royal College. He is the current chair of the Specialty Committee in Internal Medicine and a member of the Internal Medicine Examination Board. He also serves as a member of the Residency Accreditation Committee. He has participated actively in working groups on duty hours, resident fatigue, implementation of Competence by Design, and the development of the new Canadian Excellence in Residency Accreditation (CanERA) standards. He is a member of the subcommittee of the Awards Committee that adjudicates nominations for the Royal College’s annual Program Director of the Year Award and the Kristin Sivertz Resident Leadership Award. Dr. Maniatis has been an external reviewer for numerous programs for accreditation purposes across Canada since 2016 and, in 2017, served as an advisor to an international program seeking international accreditation.


Gaétan Brochu, MD, FRCSC, FACS

Gaétan Brochu

Dr. Gaétan Brochu is a native of Inverness, Que. He is a general surgeon at the CHU de Québec-Université Laval. He is the current director of Surgical Foundations at Université Laval, where he is also an associate professor of surgery.

Dr. Brochu received his BSc in chemistry from Université Laval in 1983 and completed graduate studies in physical chemistry at McGill University in 1987. He received his medical degree from Université Laval in 1991. He subsequently completed his surgery training, with rotations in Boston and Montreal, at Université Laval in 1997. In 2005, he did a travelling scholarship in Gastric Surgery at the National Cancer Center in Tokyo, Japan.

Dr. Brochu became a member of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada in 1997. He is active in the Royal College as the current chair of Regional Advisory Committee 4. He is also a member of the Surgical Foundations Advisory Committee. Dr. Brochu was elected to Royal College Council in 2015 and served on the Strategic Planning Working Group of Council from 2017-2018. He currently sits on Council’s Governance Committee and Financial Reporting and Risk Oversight Committee. He previously served as chair of the General Surgery Examination Board from 2005-2009 and as a member of the Specialty Committee in General Surgery from 2010-2016. Since 2017, he has served as a member of the Principles of Surgery Examination Board (a Royal College collaborative) of the Kuwait Institute for Medical Specializations (KIMS).

Dr. Brochu has a strong interest in medical education. In 2012, he was awarded the Canadian Association for Medical Education’s CAME Certificate of Merit Award for outstanding contributions to medical education. He is a founder and first president of the Canadian Hernia Society (2013). His research interests include minimally invasive abdominal reconstruction for hernias. He serves as a section editor for Hernia: The World Journal of Hernia and Abdominal Wall Surgery. Dr. Brochu is a member of many scholarly associations and is a member of the board of directors of the James IV Association of Surgeons.


Pierre Leblanc, MD, FRCPC

Pierre Leblanc, MD, FRCPC

I completed my medical studies in 1979 and my specialty in Respirology in 1983 both in Université Laval. After two years in research in exercise physiology at McMaster University, I came back to Université Laval as a respirologist in 1985 where I am still practicing. I spent ten years doing research and progressively moved to administrative responsibilities. I have been the Respirology program director from 1992 to 1999.

From 2002 to 2010, I was Post-graduate Dean at Université Laval. Since 2011, I am Chair of the Department of medicine at Université Laval. From 2002 to 2010, I was Board member at the Collège des médecins du Québec (CMQ) and from 2006 to 2011, member of the Accreditation committee at the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC). During this period, I participated in many survey visits for the RCPSC and the CMQ. From 2010 to 2013, I was also an Executive committee member on the national project on « Future of Post-Graduate Education in Canada » (Joint project of AFMC, CMFC, CRMCC and CMQ).

Since 2012, I have been a member of the Royal College Education Committee (Committee on Specialty Education).


Eleanor Elstein, MD, FRCPC

Eleanor Elstein, MD, FRCPC

Dr. Elstein received her MD from the Université de Montréal and trained in Internal Medicine and Cardiology at McGill University. She completed a research fellowship in molecular cardiology at the University of Toronto Center for Cardiovascular Research. While in Toronto she also completed clinical fellowships in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and in echocardiography. Dr. Elstein is an associate physician at the McGill University Health Centre. She is actively involved in general cardiology and is Director of the Cardiovascular Genetics Clinic for Inherited Cardiomyopathies. Her clinical research is primarily in the area of familial cardiomyopathies.

Dr. Elstein is actively involved in medical education and was recently an Osler fellow at McGill University. She teaches at both the undergraduate and graduate levels. She is a member of the Residency Training Committee in Cardiology at McGill University and Director of the Cardiology Consult Service. She serves as a member of the McGill University Senate and was recently elected to the McGill University Nominating Committee. Dr. Elstein is actively involved at the Royal College as a member of the Regional Advisory Committee for the Quebec region.


Sarkis Meterissian, MD, FRCSC

Sarkis Meterissian

Dr. Meterissian is a Professor of Surgery and Oncology (tenured), Director of the Cedars Breast Center of the MUHC and Member of the Centre for Medical Education. He is also Head of the MUHC Breast Tumor Site Group. He was a Teaching Scholar at McGill from 1998-1999 and was named to the Faculty Honour List for Educational Excellence in 2005. He was Program Director of General Surgical Oncology from 1997 to 2001, then General Surgery from 2001 to 2007. Subsequently he became Associate Dean of Postgraduate Medical Education and Professional Affairs in the Faculty of Medicine from 2007 to 2014.

In 2007, he was awarded the Outstanding Teacher Award from the Association for Surgical Education at its annual meeting. From 2007-2009 he was President of the Canadian Society of Surgical Oncology and from 2013 to 2015 he was President of Breast Surgery International. In 2014 he was President of the Canadian Association of University Surgeons.

Dr. Meterissian has served for 6 years on the Royal College Accreditation Committee and for 3 years on the International Program Review and Accreditation Committee of the College. In the past he has also served as an Oral Examiner for the Royal College General Surgery Examination.


Kara Laing, MD, FRCPC

Kara Laing, MD, FRCPC

Dr. Kara Laing has more than 20 years of experience as a clinician, educator and researcher. She is a medical oncologist at the Dr. H. Bliss Murphy Cancer Centre in St. John’s, N.L.

She received her MD from Memorial University of Newfoundland (Memorial) in 1993. In 1996, she completed an Internal Medicine Residency at Memorial. She completed Medical Oncology training at the University of British Columbia in 1998, followed by a research fellowship with the National Institute of Canada, Clinical Trials Group, in Kingston, Ont.

Dr. Laing is chair and associate professor, Discipline of Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, at Memorial. She is involved with teaching along the continuum, including undergraduate medical education, postgraduate medical education and continuing professional development. She is recognized as a mentor for learners and colleagues.

Dr. Laing was integral in the establishment of the Medical Oncology Subspecialty Training Program at Memorial, which is now a fully accredited program by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. She completed a Certificate of Medical Education from Memorial in 2012 and is currently completing a Masters in Medical Education at the University of Dundee, Scotland.

Dr. Laing has held many significant leadership roles. Prior to becoming the academic head of oncology, she was the clinical chief of the Cancer Care Program from 2006 to 2013. She was also the director of Medical Oncology from 2002 to 2006. Dr. Laing is still quite active in leadership roles within the hospital. She is currently the chair of the Medical Advisory Committee and the Credentials Committee for Eastern Health. She is also an ex-officio member of the Eastern Health Board of Trustees.

Dr. Laing has completed several Physician Leadership Institute (PLI) courses, including Physician Leadership Focus, Engaging Others, Leadership Begins with Self-Awareness, Managing People Effectively, Facilitating Meetings, Influencing Boards and Talent Management.

Dr. Laing is a past president of the Canadian Association of Medical Oncologists. She is still actively involved in this organization on their Educational Subcommittee. She has been involved in several other committees — locally, provincially and nationally — related to cancer care and education.


Mary K. Wells, MD, FRCSC

Mary K. Wells, MD, FRCSC

Dr. Mary Wells is a general surgeon who has enjoyed working for 23 years in St. John’s, Newfoundland.

After graduating medical school at Memorial University in 1986, she interned in Ottawa, Ont., followed by a residency from 1988 to 1992. Following this, she worked at the Montfort Hospital in Ottawa for two years.

When an opportunity came up in her home province, she took a job at the Grace Hospital in St. John’s. While at the Grace Hospital, she discovered her passion for medical education and teaching, and became involved in both undergraduate and postgraduate teaching. She also became involved with AMEE — the Association of Medical Education in Europe — and achieved a diploma in medical education through the University of Dundee in Scotland.

Dr. Wells became a full-time member of the faculty of Memorial University in 2001, and has continued working with both residents and students ever since. From 1998 until present, she has worked in various capacities with the Medical Council of Canada, as well as with the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada.

Dr. Wells currently serves on the CDM (clinical decision-making) Committee at the Medical Council of Canada. She has also been active in a number of Royal College committees. These include as program director for the Surgical Foundations Advisory Committee (from 2008 to 2014), as program director at Memorial for General Surgery and Surgical Foundations (from 2013 to 2017) and, currently, as chair of the Specialty Committee for General Surgery (since July 2018). Dr. Wells is also presently a member of the Residency Accreditation Committee and has done accreditation surveys throughout the country. She has also taught essential surgical skills in Tanga, Tanzania, and served as the assistant dean of Undergraduate Medical Studies at Memorial.


John Finley, MSc, MDCM, FRCPC

John Finley

After completing studies in physics at Dalhousie University in 1968 and a Rhodes Scholarship at Oxford’s Magdalen College the following year, Dr. John Finley completed his MDCM at McGill University in 1973. This was followed by residencies in Pediatrics at the Montreal Children’s Hospital (1975), in Pediatric Cardiology at The Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto (1977) and in Cardiology Research at the Toronto General Hospital (1978). He was a pediatric cardiologist at the Izaak Walton Killam (IWK) Health Centre in Halifax from 1978 to 2014, where he was head of the Division of Cardiology from 1986 to 2007. He is a cardiologist at Halifax Infirmary (QEII HSC) at the Adult Congenital Heart Disease Clinic, a position he has held since 1990. He holds a post-retirement position as a professor of Pediatrics at Dalhousie University.

Dr. Finley has extensive experience in the clinical practice and teaching of pediatric and adult congenital Cardiology. He has pioneered applications for remote diagnosis of heart disease in children through his research in Cardiology and telemedicine. New teaching methods of the auscultation of heart sounds have been a longstanding research interest and the subject of his recent book. Dr. Finley is a member of the Canadian Cardiovascular Society and the Canadian Pediatric Cardiology Association. He was president of Doctors Nova Scotia from 2012-2013 and chair of its board the following year.

Dr. Finley was program director for the Pediatric Cardiology program at Dalhousie University (1987-1999). He was elected to the Council of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada in 2015 and served on the Strategic Planning Working Group of Council from 2017-2018. He also served as an examiner in Pediatric Cardiology from 1985-1999.


Robert LaRoche, MD, FRCSC

Robert LaRoche

Dr. Robert LaRoche has been practicing academic pediatric Ophthalmology and Adult Strabismus management since his post-residency training at both McGill University, and Baylor College of Medicine. His career has been dedicated in the development of education systems both locally and around the world. Dr. LaRoche has also been active in residency and post residency education for the national and international advancement of pediatric ophthalmology education. His most recent field of research has been the evaluation of depth perception in surgery using virtual reality technology. He is currently on the Council of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, and chairs some of its committees.


Major-General J.J.-R.S. Bernier, OMM, CD, QHP, BA (Hons), MD, MPH, DEH, DSc(hon), FRCPSC (Hon), KM

Major-General J.J.-R.S. Bernier

Originally from Sarnia, Ont., Major-General Jean-Robert Bernier graduated from the Royal Military College in 1982. He served in Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry before studying medicine at McMaster University.

After graduating with his MD, he served as a regimental and hospital medical officer in Germany and commanded MacPherson Hospital in Calgary. He trained in medical, nuclear, biological and chemical defence with US research institutes. He also completed postgraduate environmental and public health programs at the US Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences and served with the US National Center for Medical Intelligence at Fort Detrick. Major-General Bernier subsequently expanded defensive medical capabilities against hostile threats in his role as head of Operational Medicine. He also chaired the CAN-UK-US Medical Countermeasures Coordinating Committee and the AUS-CAN-UK-US Medical Intelligence Analysts' Working Group. He was vice-chair of NATO's Biomedical Defence Advisory Committee.

After serving as head of Occupational and Environmental Health at the National Defence Headquarters in Ottawa, Major-General Bernier led the Canadian Armed Forces’ public health agency as its director of Force Health Protection. In his later role as director, Health Services Operations, he chaired the multi-national steering group coordinating NATO health resources in southern Afghanistan and was responsible for providing support to all Canadian missions. This included the combat hospital in Kandahar, for which Canada received NATO's highest honour for medical support.

As deputy surgeon general, Major-General Bernier chaired the health, medicine and protection research committee of NATO's Science and Technology Organization, the world's largest research network. From 2012 to 2015, he served as the 38th Canadian surgeon general, head of the Royal Canadian Medical Service and commander of the Canadian Forces Health Services Group. In this role, he expanded military, operational and mental health capabilities while generating health service support to several humanitarian, development and combat missions. In 2015, he was unanimously elected chief medical adviser to the North Atlantic Alliance as the seventh chair of the committee of NATO Surgeons General (COMEDS). He also represented the allied nations' medical community on the NATO Science and Technology Board, and served on the Governing Council of the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and its executive committee. Upon completion of his terms in 2018, he transferred to the Supplementary Reserve. He now serves on the board of the Royal Ottawa's Institute of Mental Health Research.

Major-General Bernier is a graduate of the Canadian Army Command and Staff College, and the Advanced Military Studies Program. He also completed the Public Executive Program at Queen’s University.

Major-General Bernier has received the Royal Military College History Prize, the US Army Medical Department Center and School Commanding General's Award, an Honorary Doctorate of Science from Queen’s University, and a NATO Science and Technology Organization Award of Excellence. He is an honorary physician to Her Majesty the Queen, an Officer of the Order of Military Merit, a Knight of Malta, an Honorary Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, an elect of the US Public Health Honor Society and an honorary graduate of the US Interagency Institute for Federal Healthcare Executives.


Carrie Bourassa, Ph.D.

Carrie Bourassa

Dr. Carrie Bourassa is the scientific director of the Canadian Institutes of Health Research's Institute of Indigenous Peoples’ Health (IIPH). Through IIPH, she leads the advancement of a national health research agenda to improve and promote the health of First Nations, Inuit and Métis Peoples in Canada. First housed in the Health Sciences North Research Institute in Sudbury, Ont., the institute is now operating from the University of Saskatchewan in Saskatoon, Sask.

Dr. Bourassa spent over 15 years serving Indigenous communities as a professor of Indigenous health studies in the Department of Indigenous Health, Education and Social Work at the First Nations University of Canada (FNUniv) in Regina, Sask. She is an Indigenous community-based researcher and is proud to be the principal investigator on two Canada Foundation for Innovation grants that funded the Indigenous Community-Based Health Research Lab in 2010 (re-named Morning Star Lodge) and most recently, in April 2016, the Cultural Safety Evaluation, Training and Research Lab.

Dr. Bourassa is a member of the College of New Scholars, Artists and Scientists of the Royal Society of Canada and a public member of the Council of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. She also serves on the Royal College’s Indigenous Health Advisory Committee and Health and Public Policy Committee.

In 2012, Dr. Bourassa won the Wiichihiwayshinawn Foundation Inc.’s Métis Award in Health and Science. Dr. Bourassa is Métis and belongs to the Riel Métis Council of Regina Inc. (RMCR, Local #34). She earned her Master of Arts degree in political science and PhD in social studies at the University of Regina.


Sophia Leong, MBA

Sophia Leong

Ms. Sophia Leong is currently executive director of Development and International Affairs at the University of Ottawa, responsible for executive leadership and management training for local, national and global markets. She was previously executive director of the Telfer Executive MBA Program. She progressively grew the “global, practical, relevant” executive learning platform. The program was ranked the top Global Executive MBA by CEO Magazine for two years running (2017 and 2018). It was also included in the Financial Times’ top 100 (FT 100) in 2018.

Ms. Leong sits on both local and national boards. Her roles include being an advisory board member of Startup Canada and executive-in-residence of the Canadian Advanced Technology Alliance. She is a recurring judge for Start-Up Chile and for the Verizon Powerful Answers Award. She co‐founded three companies and was previously vice‐president of Business Development of Klocwork Solutions — a software solution company she commercialized from Nortel Networks. She has successfully exited from two of the three companies.

Ms. Leong has served as a public member of the Council of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada since 2016. She also sits on Council’s Governance Committee. She is currently active on the board of directors of Royal College International (RCI) and was a member of the Strategic Planning Working Group of RCI from 2017-2018. Ms. Leong chairs the RCI Financial Operations Committee and is the RCI board representative on Council’s Financial Reporting and Risk Oversight Committee. She is also a member of the Royal College’s CEO Evaluation and Compensation Committee.

Ms. Leong has extensive strategic and general management experience working with technology companies and on executive leadership education. She has advised over 200 companies and worked with business leaders selected by Ottawa’s Forty Under 40 (co-presented by the Ottawa Business Journal and Ottawa Chamber of Commerce) on “self -leadership and self-branding.” While she was with Nortel Networks, she was directly engaged in commercializing business ventures by leveraging angel and venture capital markets. Ms. Leong was involved with the management of seven business ventures, three of which were global, involving technologies such as neural technology, speech recognition, e‐commerce payment, digital content management/protection and mission-critical assessment applications for software assets. She represented the interests of Nortel Networks when working with respective general managers and its board of directors.

Ms. Leong is the recipient of numerous awards for outstanding contributions. She was a patent recipient on the software business process for Mergers and Acquisition during her time at Nortel Networks and Nortel Technology. She is often tapped to speak on local, national and international platforms.


Irit Weiser, LL.B

Irit Weiser

Ms. Irit Weiser is a retired lawyer. She is currently an active member of several boards. These include the board of directors of Royal College International, the Royal College’s Health and Public Policy Committee and the Council of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. She is a new member of Council’s Governance Committee. She also sits on the Strategic Governance Committee of the Royal Ottawa Hospital and is a member of the Research Ethics Board of the Ottawa Health Science Network. Ms. Weiser is also on the editorial board of the Philippe Kirsch Institute (PKI) Global Justice Journal.

Prior to retiring, Ms. Weiser was senior general counsel and head of Legal Services for Health Canada and the Public Health Agency of Canada — a unit of approximately 100 counsel, paralegals and support staff. In addition to her management responsibilities, she provided legal, policy and strategic advice to senior levels of government regarding such health-related matters as the Canada Health Act, health delivery on First Nations reserves, food and drug regulation, quarantine and tobacco.

Other positions previously held by Ms. Weiser include general counsel and director of the Human Rights Law Section from 1998-2003. During that time, she provided legal and policy advice, and litigation support on the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, the Canadian Human Rights Act and international human rights law.

Ms. Weiser has taught International Human Rights Law at the University of Ottawa, Faculty of Law, and has written articles and presented papers on international human rights matters, the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, and health law. She continues to write on international law matters for the PKI Global Justice Journal. As well, she provides pro bono legal services through the Refugee Sponsorship Support Program to persons seeking to privately sponsor refugees.


Rose M. Carter, QC

Edmonton, Alta.

Rose M. Carter

Ms. Rose Carter has 30 years of extensive experience in the field of health law. She is an authority on pressing issues for members of the medical community including, but not limited to, initiatives such as Non-Hospital Surgical Facilities (NHSFs), long-term care facilities and entering medical practice from foreign jurisdictions. She also has expertise on regulatory matters and governance issues facing medical professionals.

Ms. Carter has represented clients at all levels of court in Alberta, as well as served on tribunals, various administrative panels and professional regulatory bodies.

To complement her practice, Ms. Carter is an adjunct professor in the Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry at the University of Alberta. She has received wide recognition as a frequent lecturer to health care providers on topics such as physician regulation, administrative law, navigating the requirements of medical assistance in dying, the establishment of NHSFs, privacy concerns, dealings with provincial/territorial medical regulatory authorities, various aspects of health policy, licensing and bioethical issues, and medical negligence.

Ms. Carter has been recommended by The Canadian Legal Lexpert Directory for over a decade and has been recognized by Best Lawyers in Canada 10 times as one of Canada’s leading personal injury litigation lawyers. During her six-year term as a ”Bencher” of the Law Society of Alberta, she was very involved in administrative law, discipline proceedings and general administration and governance matters.

Ms. Carter is a member at large for the Medical Council of Canada where she serves on its executive board. She also chairs its appeals committee and is vice chair of its finance committee. In addition, she is a member of the Stem Cell Research Committee for the Aga Khan Foundation. Ms. Carter has also been a reviewer for the peer-reviewed McGill Journal of Law and Health.


Stéphanie Dufour, MDCM

Stéphanie Dufour, MDCM

Dr. Stéphanie Dufour is in her third year of residency in Obstetrics and Gynecology at Laval University in Quebec City, Que. She completed her MD at McGill University in 2016, with an integrated clerkship in Gatineau, Que. She has a particular interest in pediatric- and adolescent-gynecology, and women’s health and pediatrics; she has completed medical electives in these areas, respectively, at the University of Ottawa in Ontario and in Bluefields, Nicaragua. Dr. Dufour is also active on the research front. She participated in three studies over the last two years, including a randomized control study in fertility as her main research activity. One of these studies was published in 2017; the other two are ongoing. She is a past recipient of the Newell W. Philpott Prize in Obstetrics and Gynecology for Pediatrics Excellence from the Montreal Children’s Hospital.

Dr. Dufour has been involved in several academic activities since beginning her medical studies. In 2016, she was elected to represent her resident association on the Academic Affairs Committee – Specialties of the Fédération des médecins résidents du Québec (FMRQ) — a position for which her colleagues renewed their support of her this year. She also sits on her university’s Faculty Fellowship Committee and is a Competence by Design (CBD) resident leader in her program. She was one of the residents closely involved in the semi-structured interviews performed with the residents from the two CBD programs last year, which led to the FMRQ’s Report on CBD and ensuing recommendations.

Dr. Dufour is very aware of the academic requirements in other programs. She was a visiting resident surveyor in internal reviews in two programs at Laval University. She has also been a member of the FMRQ’s Academic Affairs Committee – Specialties since July 2017 and is an FMRQ delegate. As a delegate, she meets three times a year with the other delegates to discuss major issues and to establish guidelines and recommendations for the FMRQ Board of Directors.


Alika Lafontaine, BSc, MD, FRCPC

Alika Lafontaine

Dr. Alika Lafontaine is an award-winning physician, speaker and alignment consultant. He is the first Indigenous physician to be listed as one of Canada’s 50 Most Powerful Doctors by the Medical Post. He is a recognized expert on Indigenous health systems and health policy, institutional bias, racism and reflective practice. For three years, he led the Indigenous Health Alliance project whose mission was to establish health transformation within Indigenous health systems. This group was politically led by Indigenous leadership representing more than 150 First Nations across three provinces. In 2018, 68 million dollars of federal funding was committed towards health transformation within these Indigenous territorial regions.

Dr. Lafontaine has been a northern representative to the Alberta Medical Association since 2011. He has held various leadership positions within the Alberta Medical Association and the Canadian Medical Association. He currently chairs the Governance Committee of the Canadian Medical Association Journal and is a board member of HealthCareCAN. He was president of the Indigenous Physicians Association of Canada from 2015-2016.

Dr. Lafontaine has served as a Fellow-at-large on the Council of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada since 2016. He also served on the Strategic Planning Working Group of Council from 2017-2018. He is currently the chair of Regional Advisory Committee 1 and sits on the Fellowship Affairs Committee. He is a past member of the Indigenous Health Advisory Committee.

Dr. Lafontaine holds operational roles with Alberta Health Services and is medical director for the Indigenous Health Program in AHS North Zone, as well as a past interim head of Anesthesia.

He lives in Grande Prairie, Alta., with his family and continues to practice full time as an anesthesiologist.


Brian Cummings, BBA, CPA, CA, MD, FRCPC, FCAP, FASCP

Brian Cummings

Dr. Cummings is both an Anatomical Pathologist and a Chartered Accountant and is in full-time practice at Grand River Hospital and Saint Mary's General Hospital in Kitchener, Ontario. Brian attained his Chartered Accountant designation in 1986 and taught Taxation and Managerial Accounting at the University of Prince Edward Island from 1989 to 1991 while completing all pre-requisites for admission to medical school. Dr. Cummings completed medical school at Dalhousie University in 1995 and was admitted to the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada in 2002.

Since entering medical school in 1991, Dr. Cummings has been intimately involved in advocating for accounting, tax and financial well-being of medical students, residents and practicing physicians in Canada. Following over 6 years as a regular columnist for Strategy: The Financial Digest for Physicians, Dr. Cummings joined Practice Solutions (subsequently MD Physician Services Ltd. and Joule) in 2002 as a Physician Consultant responsible for the development, implementation and delivery of practice management curriculum to specialty residents in Canada. In addition to regularly speaking to graduating specialists, Brian was an invited speaker for many specialty societies and spoke of various facets of management of a physician’s practice as well as financial and insurance planning and other related topics. Dr. Cummings has developed a number of tools, including “Tax Tips for Physicians and Physicians in Training” and many educational modules which are still available on In 2015, Dr. Cummings became a speaker for the Physician Leadership Institute of Joule as a co-presenter for “Dollars and Sense”.

Dr. Cummings’ volunteer activities include Council member of the Laboratory Section of the Ontario Medical Association, Secretary-Treasurer of the Canadian Association of Pathologists, Board Member of the Ontario Association of Pathologists, as well as a member of the Financial Reporting and Risk Oversight Committee (FRROC) and Investment Oversight Committee of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC). In August 2019, Dr. Cummings was named to the CMA Audit and Finance Committee of the Canadian Medical Association.

Brian lives in Waterloo, Ontario with his wife, Patricia and son, David.