Richard K. Reznick, MD, MEd, FRCSC, FACS, FRCSEd (hon), FRCSI (hon), FRCS (hon)

Richard Reznick

A graduate of McGill University, Dr. Reznick completed a general surgical residency at University of Toronto, before pursuing a master’s degree in medical education at Southern Illinois University and a fellowship in colorectal surgery at University of Texas. His passion for medical education contributed to the founding of the Wilson Centre, a renowned health profession education research institute where he was the inaugural director. In 1999, he was appointed Vice President, Education of the University Health Network. He is a former R. S. McLaughlin Professor and Chair of the Department of Surgery at University of Toronto. He recently completed ten years as dean of the Faculty of Health Sciences at Queen’s University and as chief executive officer of the Southeastern Ontario Academic Medical Organization (SEAMO).

Dr. Reznick has been active in medical education research and development for his entire career. He was instrumental in developing the OSCE that is now used for medical licensure in Canada. He ran a research program on assessment of technical competence for surgeons and supervised a fellowship program in surgical education. He championed the introduction of competency-based medical education for all residency programs at Queen’s University. His seminal work as an educator has been recognized by organizations such as the Medical Council of Canada, the National Board of Medical Examiners, the Karolinska Institutet and by honorary fellowships in the Royal Colleges of Edinburgh, Ireland and England.

Dr. Reznick has been actively involved with the Royal College for nearly three decades. He has served in various leadership capacities, including as the Royal College’s Vice President of education and Vice Chair of Royal College International


M. Ian Bowmer, MD CM, FRCPC, FRCP (Lon)

M. Ian Bowmer, MD CM, FRCPC, FRCP (Lon)

Dr. Michael Ian Bowmer became the Executive Director of the Medical Council of Canada (MCC) in January 2007. He is Professor Emeritus and former Dean of the Faculty of Medicine at Memorial University of Newfoundland and Labrador. Dr. Bowmer joined Memorial in 1975, and practiced internal medicine and infectious diseases from 1984 to 2010. A former member of the National Advisory Committee on Immunization, Dr. Bowmer chaired a number of advisory committees in Newfoundland and Labrador. He also chaired the CFPC-Health Canada Committee on the treatment of HIV in Adults and Adolescents and is widely recognized as a leader in HIV care and research.

In 1991, Dr. Bowmer was elected President of the MCC. He was also appointed to the Council of the RCPSC, where he sat as Chair of the Accreditation and Credential Committees. In 1994, he became the first Chair of the Board of the new regional Community Health St. John’s Region. As one of the original non-government members of the Health Council of Canada, he became its Vice-Chair from 2007 until July 2010.

Dr. Bowmer is the recipient of a number of honours. He received Canada’s 125th Confederation Medal. In 2003, he was elected to the Royal College of Physicians, London. That same year, he also received the MCC’s Dr. Louis Levasseur Award for outstanding contributions to the mission and vision of the MCC. He was also recipient of the Ronald V. Christie Award from the Canadian Association of Professors of Medicine for outstanding contribution to academic medicine in Canada. In 2012, the Royal College awarded him the James H. Graham Award for merit, in recognition of achievements reflecting the aims and objectives of the College.


Tom McLaughlin, MD, FRCPC, FAAP

Tom McLaughlin, MD, FRCPC, FAAP

Dr. Tom McLaughlin is a pediatrician at the BC Children’s Hospital. He completed his residency at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, where he served as chief resident, and completed a Master in Public Policy degree at the Harvard Kennedy School, with a focus on health policy and quality improvement.

Dr. McLaughlin brings with him a breadth of experience in medical education and health policy. In medical education, he volunteered extensively with provincial and national medical organizations as a medical student and resident, including serving as the president of Resident Doctors of Canada. He has recently served on his program's admissions and competency committees, and currently serves as medical director of the inpatient pediatrics ward at BC Children's Hospital. He is currently a board member at the Canadian Resident Matching Service (CaRMS), where he chairs the Governance Committee. He has presented at local, national and international conferences on competency-based medical education, health human resources, quality improvement and health policy.

In his policy work, he focuses on Canadian pediatric drug policy, including work on children's drug coverage, and more recently on drug shortages. He serves on the Canadian Paediatric Society's Drugs and Therapeutics Committee, as well as the CPS's advocacy committee, where he has worked to support children's drug policy developments in Canada. He also serves on the Doctors of BC Council on Health Economics and Policy.

At the Royal College, Dr. McLaughlin previously volunteered as a resident member of the Health and Public Policy Committee and the Residency Accreditation Committee. He co-led the College's Fatigue Risk Management Task Force. He currently serves on the Financial Reporting and Risk Oversight Committee, as well as the Health and Public Policy Committee.

As a highly-experienced early career physician, Dr. McLaughlin hopes to enhance the voice of early career physicians on the Royal College Council and to help demonstrate the value of Fellowship to the next generation of Canadian specialist physicians.


David Ross, MD, FRCSC

David Ross

Born in Southern Ontario, Dr. David Ross graduated from medical school at the University of Toronto. Following internship and a year of anesthesia training at McGill University, he was a GP-anaesthetist in Northern Ontario for two years. He then undertook training in General Surgery, followed by Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, at Dalhousie University in Halifax, N.S. This was followed by two years of fellowship training in congenital Cardiac Surgery at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto and at the Royal Brompton National Heart Hospital in London, UK.

After eight years in practice as a pediatric and adult cardiac surgeon in Halifax, he relocated to Edmonton, Alta., in 2001 to assist with the expansion occurring in the Congenital Cardiac Surgery program at the Stollery Children’s Hospital.

Dr. Ross is the author or co-author of 147 peer-reviewed publications. From 2010 to 2016, he was director of the Division of Cardiac Surgery at the University of Alberta and the head of Cardiac Surgery for the Edmonton Zone, Alberta Health Services. During this period, the division increased its surgical volume by 17 per cent to over 2,000 open cases. The division also hired five new cardiac surgeons (three with PhDs), initiated an aggressive minimally invasive Cardiac Surgery program and doubled its financial resources to over five million to support its academic mission. The Edmonton Pediatric Cardiac Surgery program is the 8th largest in the STS Congenital Database with results in the top 10 per cent for the most complex lesions.

Dr. Ross was president of the Canadian Society of Cardiac Surgeons from 2012-2014.

Dr. Ross has been active in the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada as the first Residency Program Committee (RPC) director for the six-year integrated Cardiac Surgery program at Dalhousie University (1997-2001). He has served as a nucleus committee member (1995-2000) and chair of the Specialty Committee in Cardiac Surgery (2000-2006), as well as vice-chair of the Cardiac Surgery Examination Board (1999-2001) and as a member of Regional Advisory Committee 1 (2009-2015). Dr. Ross was elected to Council in 2015 and sits on Council’s Nominating Committee, Governance Committee and Financial Reporting and Risk Oversight Committee. He has been a member of the board of directors of Royal College International since 2015, and was recently appointed its chair.

Dr. Ross retired from surgical practice in 2018 but hopes to volunteer his extra free time and energy to various organizations including the Royal College.


Paul Kenneth Bronson Dagg, MD, FRCPC

Paul Kenneth Bronson Dagg, MD, FRCPC

Dr. Paul Dagg has held a variety of leadership positions within mental health and substance use services, including recently working as the executive medical director for BC Mental Health and Substance Use Services. Previously he has served as the medical director for Mental Health and Substance Use Services for the Interior Health Authority of British Columbia, and prior to that the clinical director for the Royal Ottawa Hospital. He is currently associate head for the University of British Columbia’s Department of Psychiatry with responsibility for postgraduate and continuing medical education. He moved to B.C. in 2005 to establish the Tertiary Mental Health Services for Interior Health, which were being developed as a result of the regionalization of services from the Riverview Hospital. He opened the Hillside Centre in Kamloops, B.C., and led Tertiary Mental Health Services until 2016.

Dr. Dagg provides psychiatric and neuropsychiatric care for people with refractory illness who are admitted to Hillside Centre — a tertiary acute inpatient facility that provides services to clients from throughout B.C. He is also a clinical professor in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of British Columbia. In 2013, he was inducted as a member of the American College of Psychiatrists.

Dr. Dagg has been heavily involved in postgraduate training in medicine and Psychiatry. In 2016, he was awarded the Duncan Graham Award for Outstanding Contribution to Medical Education by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. He was the first person whose professional work is outside of an urban university centre to receive this award. He previously served as chair of the Royal College’s Accreditation Committee. He also served as a member of the Committee on Specialty Education — the committee that oversees all educational activities of the Royal College. He previously served as chair of the Specialty Committee in Psychiatry (2010-2016) and on the Psychiatry Examination Board as a member (1994-2003) and as vice-chair (2001-2003). Until 2005, he was assistant dean of Postgraduate Medical Education for the University of Ottawa’s Faculty of Medicine. He was also an associate professor and vice chair in the Department of Psychiatry. In 1996, he and a colleague were awarded the American College of Psychiatrists’ Award for Creativity in Psychiatric Education.

In addition to his administrative and educational responsibilities, Dr. Dagg is on the editorial board for the Journal of Ethics in Mental Health and has written on this topic. He has an interest in service delivery models in mental health, cognition in schizophrenia, psychotherapy and the role of evidence in its practice, and in the treatment of adults with pervasive developmental disorders and Asperger’s syndrome. He has led the development of an alternative competency-based assessment system for psychiatrists trained outside of Canada. He has consulted on psychiatric service delivery in inpatient, outpatient and community settings in cities across Canada. He recently completed his term as chair of the Board of Governors of Thompson Rivers University and is a member of the board of the British Columbia Forensic Psychiatric Services Commission.


Marcia Clark, MD, MSc, Dip. Sport Med., FRCSC

Marcia Clark

Dr. Marcia Clark is an orthopedic surgeon and clinical associate professor at the University of Calgary and site lead for surgery at the South Health Campus hospital. Her academic interests are in Simulation Based Medical Education, medical education and the intersection of health and technology. Dr. Clark has a deep understanding of training and education assessment tools and evaluating outcomes. Her strengths in medical education include curriculum design and program evaluation. She has worked extensively to develop national and international standards for surgical education.

Dr. Clark is a collaborative leader who brings a curious mind and insightful questions. She is conscious of non-conformity in groupthink when it comes to big committee decisions. Dr. Clark is a member of Royal College Council and its Executive Committee, Regional Advisory Committee 1 (chair), the Committee on Specialties, and the Simulation Accreditation Committee. She is also past vice-chair of the Surgical Foundations Advisory Committee, and has helped develop and teach the Simulation Educator Training course. Dr. Clark also represents the Royal College internationally and has delivered medical education presentations in China, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. She has contributed to the planning of the Simulation Summit (co-chair), the International Conference on Residency Education (ICRE) and ICRE-China.

At the University/Health Systems-Level, Dr. Clark is lead of surgery for an urban hospital and has responsibility for surgical planning and teams, including COVID19 crisis communications, risk management, policy adaptation, safety planning and monitoring. This role has helped her to understand health policy, systems and administrative decision making.

Dr. Clark is also a scientist with the CDL (Creative Destruction Lab)-Rockies and Vancouver. She mentors founders of health tech startups on the clinical and acute application of technology increasing the probability of success.

Clinically, Dr. Clark’s practice focuses on surgical arthritis care and sport medicine.


Terry Colbourne, MSc, MD, FRCPC

Terry Colbourne, MSc, MD, FRCPC

Dr. Terry Colbourne completed his undergraduate and postgraduate training at the University of Manitoba. He remains in Winnipeg working as a respirologist at the Health Sciences Centre with a practice that includes inpatient respiratory and internal medicine at all three tertiary sites. He is presently splitting his time in Ontario while pursuing further training as a clinical fellow in the Interstitial Lung Disease program at the University of Toronto, acquiring experience to further serve his patients in Manitoba.

Dr. Colbourne has a long history of engaging in leadership activities in the realm of medical education governance and policy development. Nationally, his roles have included Governance Committee chair and Board director with the Canadian Resident Matching Service (CaRMS), vice president and Training Committee chair of Resident Doctors of Canada (RDoC), and Executive Board member of the Canadian Federation of Medical Students (CFMS). With RDoC, he was deeply engaged in the development of national principles regarding resident data collection, accreditation and Competency-based medical education (CBME). He has balanced these national roles with local leadership including serving as president of the Manitoba Medical Students’ Association (MMSA) and chief resident of both his residency training programs. He has also worked with the Royal College as a member of the Accreditation Committee, the Committee on Specialty Education, the Task Force on Resident Input into Accreditation Process, and as a surveyor on multiple accreditation visits.

Dr. Colbourne has explored several avenues to continue his pursuits as a leader for positive change early in his career. Inspired by our system’s commitment toward continuous quality improvement led by the Royal College with the launch of the new accreditation system and CBME, he is completing a Master of Science in Healthcare Quality (MScHQ) degree at Queen’s University. He continues research initiatives aimed at understanding the resident experience with the implementation of CBME. With extensive experience in the governance of our complicated education system and advanced training in health systems and quality improvement, Dr. Colbourne hopes to serve as an asset to Royal College Council and its committees and be a strong representative for Region 2.

Anurag Saxena, MD, M.Ed., MBA, FRCPC, FCAP, CHE, CCPE

Anurag Saxena, MD, M.Ed., MBA, FRCPC, FCAP, CHE, CCPE

Dr. Anurag Saxena is a professor of Pathology as well as associate dean, Postgraduate Medical Education (PGME), at the University of Saskatchewan. He is engaged in clinical service, administration, teaching and research. He holds qualifications in Anatomic Pathology (Canada and USA) and Hematopathology (USA), Education (M.Ed.), Business Administration (MBA) – both degrees with leadership theses, Health Care Administration (Certified Health Executive by the Canadian College of Health Leaders and Canadian Certified Physician Executive by the Canadian Society of Physician Leaders) in addition to coaching in leadership and emotional intelligence. He has been practising medicine for the last 23 years.

Dr. Saxena has experience on governing, executive and advisory boards in medical education including the Canadian Resident Matching Service (CaRMS), the Canadian Association for Medical Education (CAME) and Altus Assessments and within the general community (Saskatoon Open Door Society and India-Canada Cultural Association, Saskatoon). His governance experience also includes service on the College of Medicine executive committees at the University of Saskatchewan, the Association of Faculties of Medicine of Canada’s Future of Medical Education in Canada Postgraduate (FMEC PG) Project Steering Committee, and the Ministry of Health in Saskatchewan’s Physician Forecasting Steering Committee. Through these opportunities he has utilized his abilities to positively impact effective governance (strategy, compliance, ethics and culture).

Dr. Saxena has practised evidence-based administration and leadership, effectively managed operations and human resources, enhanced career engagement opportunities, including the implementation of succession planning, and forged collaborative relationships across organizational boundaries. His firm financial knowledge coupled with past experiences as treasurer for CaRMS and CAME has allowed him to achieve balanced budgets and increased Return on Investment (ROI). He has combined data-driven decision-making with human factors for Business process re-engineering (e.g. applying Lean management to Education) and timely achievement of organizational objectives. His success is reflected in affecting policy, developing and implementing strategy and leading change in accreditation, the FMEC PG Project, Competency-based medical education (CBME), PGME expansion, and current initiatives on transformative learning and social responsiveness.

Dr. Saxena is passionate about leadership and systems and pursues these through continuous learning and research. He has delivered an array of leadership workshops locally, nationally and internationally. With a dialectic worldview integrating philosophy with pragmatism, Dr. Saxena is committed to promoting healthy, balanced societies and personal well-being.


Cliff Yaffe, MD, FRCSC, FACS

Cliff Yaffe, MD, FRCSC, FACS

Dr. Cliff Yaffe completed his General Surgery residency at the University of Manitoba in 1981, followed by a Gastroenterology (GI) Fellowship at McGill University.

Dr. Yaffe first joined the Department of Surgery, Section of General Surgery, at the University of Manitoba in 1986 as an assistant professor of surgery. He was program director for the General Surgery Residency Program from 1996 to 2008 and the director of Surgical Foundations from 2003 to 2012. He also served as deputy head of the Section of General Surgery at St. Boniface Hospital from 1998 to 2014. From 2009 to 2014, he was the regional lead of General Surgery for the Winnipeg Regional Health Authority Surgery Program.

Dr. Yaffe’s involvement with the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada began in 1997. He currently serves as an onsite Royal College surveyor. He previously served as an examiner in General Surgery (2005-2016) and as a member of the General Surgery Examination Board (1997-2006) and Test Committee in General Surgery (1997-2001). He also served as an examiner in Colorectal Surgery (2010-2013) and as a member of the Specialty Committee in Colorectal Surgery (1997-2002, 2008-2013), Colorectal Surgery Examination Board (2008-2013) and the Surgical Foundations Advisory Committee (2008-2014).

Currently, Dr. Yaffe is an active staff member at Concordia General Hospital, St. Boniface Hospital and at the Health Sciences Centre. He is involved with many professional societies including the Royal College, the Canadian Association of General Surgeons, and the Canadian Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons, to name a few. Dr. Yaffe is currently focusing his clinical practice on colorectal surgery and General Surgery. At present, he is the associate dean, Postgraduate Medical Education, for the University of Manitoba’s Faculty of Health Sciences. He has held this position since November 2011.


Randolph P. Guzman, MD, FRCSC, FACS, RVT, RPVI

Randolph P. Guzman, MD, FRCSC, FACS, RVT, RPVI

Dr. Randy Guzman graduated with his Medical Doctorate in 1983. He then completed a residency in General Surgery in 1990, followed by a fellowship program in Vascular Surgery at the University of Manitoba. He completed his training in 1991.

Dr. Guzman has been in clinical practice for over 25 years. Currently, he is head of the Vascular Surgery Training Program at the University of Manitoba. He is also regional lead of Vascular Surgery for the Winnipeg Regional Health Authority and the site medical manager of the Department of Surgery at St. Boniface Hospital.

Dr. Guzman was program director for the Vascular Surgery Residency Program at the University of Manitoba from 1994 to 2007. He is active in the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada as the current chair of the Specialty Committee in Vascular Surgery. He previously served as chief examiner in Vascular Surgery from 2008 to 2012. He has also served in various positions for the Canadian Society for Vascular Surgery, including as past president.

Dr. Guzman has extensive experience in clinical research and currently serves as the director of the Vascular Clinical Research Program at St. Boniface Hospital, a position he has held since 1999. He also served as the director of the Asper Clinical Research Institute from 2007 to 2013. His research focus in vascular disease has included over 60 research projects with 40 as the principal investigator.


Roy Kirkpatrick, MD, FRCSC, FACS

Roy Kirkpatrick, MD, FRCSC, FACS

Dr. Roy Kirkpatrick graduated from Queen’s University in 1977 followed by a one year internship in Internal Medicine at the University of Manitoba. He subsequently completed a residency in General Surgery at the University of Ottawa in 1983.

After completing postgraduate training, he enjoyed an eclectic career. This included work as a doctor on a drilling ship in the North Atlantic, surgical locums in a number of small communities, and as an emergency room physician at The Ottawa Hospital’s General Campus.

In 1984, Dr. Kirkpatrick and his wife spent two years in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea. There, he provided General Surgery service as a volunteer for Cuso International to an estimated 750,000 people and supervised numerous surgical registrars from the University of Papua New Guinea. He worked as a “true general surgeon,” performing operations from craniotomy to club foot, and everything in between.

Dr. Kirkpatrick is an active staff member at the Huntsville District Memorial Hospital where he works as a general surgeon, a position he has held since 1987. He has provided regular locum coverage for surgery in Nunavut since 2004. He is a current member of Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières and, in 2015, provided foreign service in Pakistan. He previously provided service in 2010 for the Red Cross in Haiti.

Dr. Kirkpatrick has been an associate professor of surgery at the Northern Ontario School of Medicine (NOSM) since 2013. He is currently the lead physician on the Huntsville Physicians Local Education Group, and was recently appointed section chair of surgery in 2018. Huntsville hosts medical learners at all levels from the NOSM. Dr. Kirkpatrick is actively involved in the teaching of physician assistant students, NOSM undergraduates and General Surgery residents. He sits on the school’s Resident Wellness Committee, Postgraduate Education Committee and Surgical Foundations Competency Committee.

Dr. Kirkpatrick is involved with many professional societies. He is a member of the Canadian Association of General Surgeons (CAGS) and serves as a member of the Rural Surgery Committee, Global Surgery Committee and Division Chiefs Committee. He represents CAGS on the Rural Maternity Task Force — a joint initiative with the Society of Rural Physicians of Canada (SRPC), of which he is also a member. Dr. Kirkpatrick serves as the specialist representative on the Society of Rural Physicians of Canada’s Rural Road Map Implementation Committee. He is a member of the Canadian Medical Association and the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. He is the current chair of the Royal College’s Regional Advisory Committee 3 and is a member of the Committee on Specialty Education.

Dr. Kirkpatrick’s current memberships also include the Ontario Medical Association (OMA) and the Ontario Association of General Surgeons (OAGS). He was nominated by the OMA Section on General Surgery and OAGS, and in 2018 was awarded the OMA Section Service Award for General Surgery.


Kaif Pardhan, MD, FRCPC, MMEd

Kaif Pardhan, MD, FRCPC, MMEd

Dr. Kaif Pardhan studied Medicine at the University of Manitoba and completed Residency in Emergency Medicine at the University of Toronto. He is currently a staff emergency physician at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre in Toronto and McMaster Children’s Hospital in Hamilton. Additionally, he is currently the assistant program director for the Emergency Medicine Residency Training Program at the University of Toronto and the deputy chief of the Department of Emergency Services at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre.

Dr. Pardhan has a strong and enduring interest in medical education, fatigue risk management and medical leadership. His research is focused on: improving the number of assessments received by clinical teachers, supervision and assessment of senior trainees by physicians new to practice, how the style of assessment and feedback impacts trainee learning, and the perceived health impacts on trainees during the year of their certification examination.

Dr. Pardhan’s current and previous leadership roles have provided him with experience in organizational governance, strategic planning and change management. He has 14 years of experience on boards of directors and executive boards including provincial and national medical organizations. During this time, he has participated in the development and roll out of strategic plans at the Royal College, Resident Doctors of Canada and the Canadian Medical Association. He also has experience with search and selection processes for executives as well as consulting firms and legal counsel.

Finally, as a new in-practice physician, Dr. Pardhan will draw upon a strong history of representing his colleagues to the Royal College. This perspective will bring value as we seek to engage with new Fellows and continue to build on our success as an organization.


Mark Walton, MD, FRCSC

Mark Walton, MD, FRCSC

Dr. Mark Walton is a pediatric surgeon at McMaster Children’s Hospital and professor of pediatric surgery at the Faculty of Health Sciences at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario. In July 2017, he took on the inaugural role of vice-dean of Faculty Affairs within the Faculty of Health Sciences. The Faculty Affairs Portfolio includes professionalism, Equity, Diversity and Inclusion (EDI), leadership development, mentorship and wellness. He currently sits on the Faculty’s Equity, Diversity and Inclusion Advisory Committee (EDIAC) which serves to advise and recommend initiatives to advance inclusive excellence within the Faculty in alignment with strategic partners as well as the central university Equity, Diversity and Inclusion Strategy Steering Committee and Indigenous Advisory Committee. He has a special interest in postgraduate medical education and competency-based medical education (CBME). Dr. Walton was program director for the General Surgery Residency Training Program at McMaster University from 1999 to 2004 as well as postgraduate dean from 2004 to 2016. As postgraduate dean, he led a large expansion of residency programs as well as the development of postgraduate medical training on two regional campuses (Niagara and Waterloo Region). He presently chairs the Royal College’s Committee on Specialty Education and sits on the Executive Committee of Council.

Dr. Walton’s professional interests include mentoring medical educators and residents, EDI, Indigenous health, and allyship. He has chaired numerous committees related to health human resources planning such as the Canadian Post-M.D. Education Registry (CAPER) and the Ontario Physician Human Resources Data Centre (OPHRDC). In addition, he has an active clinical practice in Pediatric Surgery and is involved in the training of medical and Physician Assistant (PA) students as well as residents and fellows.

In his spare time, Dr. Walton enjoys travelling with his family and participating in a number of sports including triathlons, marathons, and hockey.


L. Trevor Young, MD, PhD, FRCPC, FCAHS

L. Trevor Young, MD, PhD, FRCPC, FCAHS

Dr. L. Trevor Young is dean of the University of Toronto’s Temerty Faculty of Medicine and vice-provost, Relations with Health Care Institutions. He graduated from the University of Manitoba’s School of Medicine in 1983. He then completed his Postgraduate training in Psychiatry at McGill University and the University of Toronto in 1987, where he also completed his PhD in Medical Sciences in 1995 and was a research fellow at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, Maryland (1988-1989). Dr. Young has held the position of professor of Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences at McMaster University; professor and head, Department of Psychiatry at the University of British Columbia; and professor and chair of the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Toronto. He was also physician-in-chief, executive vice president, Clinical Programs at the Centre for Addictions and Mental Health (CAMH) in Toronto.

Dr. Young is a clinician-scientist who studies the molecular basis of bipolar disorder and its treatment. His awards include the 2015 Colvin Prize for Outstanding Achievement in Mood Disorders Research from the Brain & Behaviour Research Foundation, the 2003 Douglas Utting Award for outstanding contributions in the field of mood disorders, and the Canadian College of Neuropsychopharmacology (CCNP) 2006 Heinz Lehmann Award. He is a Distinguished Fellow of the American Psychiatric Association (DFAPA) and a Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences (CAHS).

He currently serves as a member of the Board of Directors of Sinai Health, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, and Trillium Health Partners as well as the University Health Network’s Board of Trustees. As a member of Royal College Council, Dr. Young intends to share his insights on medical education gained through his leadership and governance experience. In addition, he plans to help advance the Royal College’s commitment to equity, diversity and inclusion.


Samuel Ogunbiyi, MBBS, MD (Research), FRCS(Edin), FRCSC

Samuel Ogunbiyi, MBBS, MD (Research), FRCS(Edin), FRCSC

Dr. Samuel Ogunbiyi is a staff surgeon at Stevenson Memorial Hospital, Alliston, Ontario with 20 years of experience as a clinician, researcher and medical innovator.

Receiving his medical degree in 1998 from the University of Ilorin in Nigeria, he initially worked as a doctor in Nigeria, before re-locating to the U.K. and working in South Wales as a medical officer in a community hospital. This birthed his love for General Surgery and medical innovation.

He then proceeded to work as a research scientist in the surgery department of St Thomas’ Hospital in London, England, producing numerous publications in Scientific Journals. Dr. Ogunbiyi completed his general surgical residency program at the University of Nottingham in 2015, with full certification in general surgery in the U.K.

After re-locating to Canada in 2016, he completed a one-year Breast Surgical Oncology Fellowship at the University of Toronto whilst completing the Royal College exams and secured a staff surgeon position at Stevenson Memorial Hospital, Alliston, Ontario.

Dr. Ogunbiyi’s experience in leadership and Innovation includes serving as the resident representative for three years on the University of Nottingham’s General Surgical Training Committee, which implemented competency-based learning into the residency program. He is also a community leader and member of the Board of Directors for Innisfil Community Church. He is company founder and CEO of JESH Health, an online startup company with an iOS app that shares surgical, procedure-specific patient information leaflets used in the hospital and virtual care models. Dr. Ogunbiyi is on the clinical advisory group, Ontario e-services program, overseeing strategies to optimize clinician adoption of e-services.

His goal is to contribute to Royal College Council by adding to its diversity, and attending to issues arising in the rapidly changing landscape of medicine. This year, the COVID-19 pandemic has demonstrated that to continue to lead, physicians must be able to respond and adapt quickly, embracing new strategies and innovation, whilst holding onto relevant old principles.


Gaétan Brochu, MD, FRCSC, FACS

Gaétan Brochu

Dr. Gaétan Brochu is a native of Inverness, Que. He is a general surgeon at the CHU de Québec-Université Laval. He is the current director of Surgical Foundations at Université Laval, where he is also an associate professor of surgery.

Dr. Brochu received his BSc in chemistry from Université Laval in 1983 and completed graduate studies in physical chemistry at McGill University in 1987. He received his medical degree from Université Laval in 1991. He subsequently completed his surgery training, with rotations in Boston and Montreal, at Université Laval in 1997. In 2005, he did a travelling scholarship in Gastric Surgery at the National Cancer Center in Tokyo, Japan.

Dr. Brochu became a member of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada in 1997. He is active in the Royal College as the current chair of Regional Advisory Committee 4. He is also a member of the Surgical Foundations Advisory Committee. Dr. Brochu was elected to Royal College Council in 2015 and served on the Strategic Planning Working Group of Council from 2017-2018. He currently sits on Council’s Governance Committee and Financial Reporting and Risk Oversight Committee. He previously served as chair of the General Surgery Examination Board from 2005-2009 and as a member of the Specialty Committee in General Surgery from 2010-2016. Since 2017, he has served as a member of the Principles of Surgery Examination Board (a Royal College collaborative) of the Kuwait Institute for Medical Specializations (KIMS).

Dr. Brochu has a strong interest in medical education. In 2012, he was awarded the Canadian Association for Medical Education’s CAME Certificate of Merit Award for outstanding contributions to medical education. He is a founder and first president of the Canadian Hernia Society (2013). His research interests include minimally invasive abdominal reconstruction for hernias. He serves as a section editor for Hernia: The World Journal of Hernia and Abdominal Wall Surgery. Dr. Brochu is a member of many scholarly associations and is a member of the board of directors of the James IV Association of Surgeons.


Pierre Leblanc, MD, FRCPC

Pierre Leblanc, MD, FRCPC

Dr. Pierre LeBlanc received his medical degree in 1978 from Université Laval in Québec and subsequently completed his postgraduate training in Respirology in 1983, at which time he received his certification in Respirology from the Collège des médecins du Québec (CMQ) and the Royal College. From 1983 to 1985, he completed a fellowship in Exercise Physiology at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario.

Since 1985, Dr. LeBlanc has been practising Respirology at the University Institute of Cardiology and Respirology of Québec (Institut universitaire de cardiologie et de pneumologie de Québec (IUCPQ), formerly known as Hôpital Laval). At IUCPQ, he was president of the Council of Physicians, Dentists and Pharmacists (Conseils de médecins, dentistes et pharmaciens (CMDP)) and was director of University Education. Dr. LeBlanc is a Full professor at Université Laval’s Faculty of Medicine and delivered the undergraduate course in Respirology from 2000 to 2002. Dr. LeBlanc has been a member of the Undergraduate Program Committee and was also program director of Respirology. He was postgraduate dean from 2002 to 2010, and the director of the Department of Medicine from 2011 to 2017. Since 2018, he has held the position of director of Education and University Affairs at the IUCPQ.

Dr. LeBlanc was a member of the CMQ’s Board of Directors from 2002 to 2010. He has also worked with the Royal College as a member of the Residency Accreditation Committee and the Committee on Specialty Education, and has participated in several accreditation surveys. He has served on Council since 2017.

Dr. LeBlanc has contributed to 70 scientific articles, 110 abstracts for scientific presentations and 12 chapters in multi-authored publications.


Eleanor Elstein, MD, CSPQ, FRCPC

Eleanor Elstein, MD, FRCPC

Dr. Eleanor Elstein received her medical degree from the Université de Montréal and trained in Internal Medicine and Cardiology at McGill University. She then completed a research fellowship in Molecular Cardiology at the University of Toronto, Centre for Cardiovascular Research. While in Toronto, she also completed clinical fellowships in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy and in Echocardiography. Dr. Elstein is an associate professor of Medicine at McGill University and an associate physician at the McGill University Health Centre (MUHC). She is director of the Cardiovascular Genetics Clinic for Inherited Cardiomyopathies and director of the cardiology consultation service at the MUHC. Her research is primarily in the area of familial cardiomyopathies.

Dr. Elstein is very involved in medical education at all levels from undergraduate medical students to postdoctoral fellows and practising physicians. She has held an Osler Fellowship granted by the McGill University Physicianship program. She is a member of the McGill Cardiology Residency Training Program Committee and the Cardiology Resident Competence Committee. Dr. Elstein is also a member of the Continuing Professional Development (CPD) Evaluation Committee of the Faculty of Medicine at McGill University. She is also the Undergraduate Medical Education lead and member of the Executive of the McGill Office of Interprofessional Education. Dr. Elstein serves as a member of the McGill University Senate and the Senate Nominating Committee.

Dr. Elstein has been a member of the Royal College’s Regional Advisory Committee 4 (RAC 4) since 2013 and serves as its chair since 2019. She has also been a member of the Fellowship Affairs Committee (FAC) since 2019 and has served on Council since 2017. Dr. Elstein is very interested in strengthening the roles of the Royal College in providing specialty medical education and lifelong learning and in representing medical specialists in Québec and Canada.


Sarkis Meterissian, MDCM, MSc, FRCSC, FACS

Sarkis Meterissian

A graduate of McGill’s Faculty of Medicine, Dr. Sarkis Meterissian completed his residency in General Surgery at McGill. He then completed successive two-year Fellowships in Surgical Oncology Research in Boston and in Clinical Surgical Oncology at the MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, Texas. He joined McGill in 1994 and is a tenured professor of Surgery and Oncology. Dr. Meterissian was program director of General Surgical Oncology and then General Surgery for a total of 12 years. He completed two terms as associate dean of Postgraduate Medical Education. Dr. Meterissian has been director of the Breast Clinic of the McGill University Health Centre (MUHC) since 2006 and has been co-director of the Breast Health Advisory Board of the Quebec Breast Cancer Foundation since 2012. A member of the American College of Surgeons (ACS) Board of Governors since 2018, he serves on the ACS Committee on Medical Student Education and previously served on the Residency Education Committee for six years. He is also an associate member of the prestigious ACS Academy of Master Surgeon Educators.

Dr. Meterissian has extensive experience with the Royal College as an examiner, program director and postgraduate dean. He was a member of the Accreditation Committee for six years and chaired a number of Royal College visits across the country. He has also served on the Board of Directors of the Collège des médecins du Québec for seven years and has chaired the Standing Committee of Postgrad Deans of the Association of Faculties of Medicine of Canada (AFMC). As an active surgeon and physician from Québec, Dr. Meterissian has always brought the reality of practising in Québec to Council and has worked hard to ensure that important issues are addressed in a timely and comprehensive fashion. His experience in medical education and his leadership positions have allowed him to be a productive Council member in his first term.


Geneviève Milot, MD, FRCSC

Geneviève Milot, MD, FRCSC

Dr. Geneviève Milot is a dedicated vascular neurosurgeon in active practice and associate professor at Université Laval’s Department of Surgery in Québec City. Throughout more than 20 years of practising medicine, she has been regularly involved with the Royal College, serving on different Examination Boards and the Specialty Committee in Neurosurgery. She has found that this involvement has added amazing dimension to many aspects of her career growth and leadership development. Dr. Milot is prepared to meet the challenges that come with being a Council member, as supported by Dr. Louis Lacombe, FRCSC, director of the Department of Surgery at Université Laval who recommended that she apply. She will devote her attention to the skills and responsibilities required to be an effective contributor.

Dr. Milot became a Neurosurgery examiner for the Royal College in 2001 and has been active on the Neurosurgery Examination Board as a member, vice-chair and chair. She reached the end of her mandate with the 2020 examinations, retiring with great pride. She has served as a member of the Specialty Committee in Neurosurgery and was closely involved with the transition to Competence by Design (CBD). Dr. Milot was also the program director for the Neurosurgery Program at Université Laval for nine years and is now chair of the Competence Committee for Surgical Foundations. Her leadership positions and interest in the development of higher medical education make her well-suited to serve as a Councillor representing the vision of the Royal College.


Kara Laing, MD, FRCPC, CCPE

Kara Laing, MD, FRCPC

Dr. Kara Laing has more than 20 years of experience as a clinician, leader, educator and researcher. She is a Medical Oncologist within the Cancer Care Program, Eastern Health, St. John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador, and Professor and Chair, Discipline of Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University.

She received her MD from Memorial University of Newfoundland in 1993, completed Internal Medicine Residency at Memorial in 1996, and Medical Oncology subspecialty training at the University of British Columbia in 1998. She then completed a Research Fellowship with the National Cancer Institute of Canada, Clinical Trials Group, prior to returning home to practice in 1999.

Dr. Laing cares for patients with breast cancer and CNS malignancies. She is an active clinical trials researcher. Her other research interests include Choosing Wisely, Psychosocial Oncology, and the Terry Fox Research Institute, Marathon of Hope Cancer Centres Network.

She is involved with teaching along the continuum including undergraduate medical education, postgraduate medical education, and continuing professional development. She is recognized as a mentor for learners and colleagues.

She had an integral role in the establishment of the Medical Oncology Subspecialty Training Program at Memorial, which is now a fully accredited program by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. She completed a Certificate of Medical Education from Memorial in 2012, and is currently completing a Masters in Medical Education at the University of Dundee, Scotland.

In 2019, Dr. Laing received the Canadian Certified Physician Executive (CCPE) designation from the Canadian Society of Physician Leaders. She has held many significant leadership roles. Prior to becoming the academic head of Oncology, she was the Clinical Chief of the Cancer Care Program from 2006 to 2013, and the Director of Medical Oncology from 2002 to 2006. She was the Chair of the Medical Advisory Committee and Credentials Committee for Eastern Health, and ex-officio member of the Eastern Health Board of Trustees from 2014 to 2020.

Dr. Laing is a Past President of the Canadian Association of Medical Oncologists (CAMO) and a member of their Educational Subcommittee. She is involved with several other committees, locally, provincially, and nationally, related to cancer care and education.


Mary K. Wells, MD, FRCSC

Mary K. Wells, MD, FRCSC

Dr. Mary Wells is a general surgeon who has enjoyed working for 23 years in St. John’s, Newfoundland.

After graduating medical school at Memorial University in 1986, she interned in Ottawa, Ont., followed by a residency from 1988 to 1992. Following this, she worked at the Montfort Hospital in Ottawa for two years.

When an opportunity came up in her home province, she took a job at the Grace Hospital in St. John’s. While at the Grace Hospital, she discovered her passion for medical education and teaching, and became involved in both undergraduate and postgraduate teaching. She also became involved with AMEE — the Association of Medical Education in Europe — and achieved a diploma in medical education through the University of Dundee in Scotland.

Dr. Wells became a full-time member of the faculty of Memorial University in 2001, and has continued working with both residents and students ever since. From 1998 until present, she has worked in various capacities with the Medical Council of Canada, as well as with the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada.

Dr. Wells currently serves on the CDM (clinical decision-making) Committee at the Medical Council of Canada. She has also been active in a number of Royal College committees. These include as program director for the Surgical Foundations Advisory Committee (from 2008 to 2014), as program director at Memorial for General Surgery and Surgical Foundations (from 2013 to 2017) and, currently, as chair of the Specialty Committee for General Surgery (since July 2018). Dr. Wells is also presently a member of the Residency Accreditation Committee and has done accreditation surveys throughout the country. She has also taught essential surgical skills in Tanga, Tanzania, and served as the assistant dean of Undergraduate Medical Studies at Memorial.


Robert LaRoche, MD, FRCSC

Robert LaRoche

Dr. G. Robert LaRoche studied for his MD and did a residency in Ophthalmology at Laval University in Québec City, followed by two fellowships in Paediatric Ophthalmology and Adult strabismus surgery at McGill University and Baylor College of Medicine. He has been teaching in the department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Canada for close to 4 decades. In his early career there, he developed a comprehensive paediatric ophthalmology academic tertiary care centre for the Canadian Atlantic provinces that remains highly regarded in the country and abroad. In addition, this included the development of the only North American university program of Clinical Vision Sciences and Orthoptics with over 100 graduates found around the world.

After over a decade as Ophthalmology residency program director, Dr LaRoche now continues as post-residency fellowship director in Paediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus at Dalhousie. These academic activities also include clinical research with supervision of graduate students at Dalhousie, peer review and chapter publications as well as various other communications, including the organization of a unique national Symposium of Ethics aimed at Ophthalmology residents. Dr LaRoche is a frequent lecturer at Canadian and foreign universities, as well as national and international meetings.

Dr. LaRoche is a founding member of the Canadian Association of Paediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, and has been board member of both the International Strabismological Association and the American Association of Paediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, as well as long-term director on the Canadian Orthoptic Council and its American counterpart.

On a national level of specialty development, medical policy and education, Dr. LaRoche has collaborated with the Royal College of Physician and Surgeons of Canada since his early career. More recently he chaired the Regional Advisory Committee for the Atlantic provinces (RAC 5) and is serving on the Royal College Council; he also chairs the Council’s Health and Public Policy Committee. Dr. LaRoche also enjoy his participation in the activities of Royal College International as an examiner and program accreditation advisor.


Meena Ballantyne, MHA, ICD.D

Meena Ballantyne, MHA, ICD.D

Ms. Meena Ballantyne retired from the Public Service of Canada as deputy minister of Status of Women Canada in 2017 after over 30 years of experience in senior executive positions, predominantly in Health Canada, the Privy Council Office and Canadian Heritage. Meena was the Assistant Secretary of Social Development Policy at the Privy Council Office where she provided advice to the Prime Minister and the Clerk of the Privy Council on a range of social policy issues, including health care.

Ms. Ballantyne was also assistant deputy minister of Health Products and Food Branch, which regulates prescription medicines, medical devices, biologics and natural health products, and it was in this position that she managed issues such as the approval of the H1N1 vaccine, response to the medical isotopes shortage and listeriosis. Previous to that, as director general of Health Care Policy at Health Canada, Ms. Ballantyne was involved in a number of federal/provincial/territorial accords on health care and worked with a variety of health professionals to establish key national health care organizations such as the Canadian Patient Safety Institute.

Ms. Ballantyne holds a Bachelor of Science and Master of Health Administration from the University of Ottawa, as well as director designation from the Institute of Corporate Directors at the Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto. In her government capacity, she served on the Boards of Infoway Canada and the Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health. Ms. Ballantyne is chair of the World Wildlife Fund of Canada and she also serves on the boards and various board committees of the Renfrew Victoria Hospital and AdMare BioInnovations.

Meena’s deep knowledge of the machinery of the federal government, her experience in leading organizations and her policy/governance will bring a unique perspective to advance the work of the Royal College Council in the coming years.


Major General J. Jean-Robert S. Bernier (retd), OMM, CD, QHP, MD, MPH, DEH, RMC, KM, DSc (Hon), FRCPSC (Hon)

Major-General J.J.-R.S. Bernier

Major General (retd) Jean-Robert Bernier served Canada for over 40 years in Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry, Canadian and US defence intelligence, and the Royal Canadian Medical Service. Among other appointments, he has commanded a military hospital, led the military public health agency, chaired several international medical security bodies including NATO's Health, Medicine, and Protection research committee, and was responsible for the health services supporting Canada's military and humanitarian operations. This included the hospital in Kandahar for which Canada received NATO's highest medical honour, the graduate medical education and allied health professional Training Mission in Afghanistan (with the support of the Royal College), and the Ebola treatment mission in Sierra Leone.

In 2012, he was appointed as the 38th Canadian surgeon general, honorary physician to Her Majesty the Queen, head of the Royal Canadian Medical Service, and commander of the fully integrated Military Health System. In 2015, the Surgeons General of NATO nations unanimously elected him chair of the committee of Chiefs of Medical Services in NATO (COMEDS) and chief medical adviser to the North Atlantic Alliance.

Major General Bernier has also served on the NATO Science and Technology Board, the Governing Council of the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and its executive committee, the Council of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, and the board of the University of Ottawa Institute of Mental Health Research.

A recipient of many Canadian, US and international academic, health professional, and military honours, Major General Bernier is currently a director on the Board of Ontario Health and an adjunct professor of the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USUHS).


Susan Harley, MBA

Susan Harley, MBA

Ms. Susan Harley is from Saint John, New Brunswick, and she comes to the Royal College with over 35 years of senior leadership/executive experience with three of the largest companies in Canada. She brings experience in marketing, finance, operations, labour relations/contract negotiations, corporate governance and business development. She has led teams both in Atlantic Canada and nationally, providing marketing and business development leadership. She currently provides these services, as well as business strategy to companies in Atlantic Canada as the owner/principal of her own consulting company.

Ms. Harley holds both a bachelor and a master’s degree in business administration from the University of New Brunswick. She has been a lifelong volunteer in both her local community and in Atlantic Canada.

Ms. Harley currently sits on the Saint John Airport’s Board of Directors as vice chair, as well as serving on its finance and human resources committees. She is vice chair of the New Brunswick Health Council where she chairs its public participation committee and serves as a member of its executive committee. At the Chartered Professional Accountants of Canada (CPA Canada), she also serves as a board director/public member and serves on the Human Resources and Compensation Committee.

At the New Brunswick College of Pharmacists, she serves as a public member of its council, chairs its membership development committee and also sits on its registration and complaints committees. She is a member of the Saint John Regional Hospital Foundation Board, as well as its development committee. Ms. Harley also served as a public member for a term of three years on the Council of the Law Society of New Brunswick. She recently served on the Board of Economic Development Greater Saint John and is a past Board chair of Uptown Saint John.

Ms. Harley will bring to the Royal College her business and board experience along with her high energy level and commitment.


Shafique Shamji, P. Eng., CPHIMS

Shafique Shamji, P. Eng., CPHIMS

Shafique Shamji is currently the president and CEO of the Ontario Clinical Imaging Network (OCINet). OCINet is an independent, not-for-profit corporation sponsored by Ontario Health in April 2022 with the merger of three diagnostic imaging repositories (i.e., HDIRS, NEODIN, SWODIN). OCINet enables the secure storage and retrieval of millions of image records across multiple repositories, supports hundreds of hospitals and independent health facilities and connects thousands of physicians and specialists province-wide.

Mr. Shamji has over 25 years of experience in technology, business, health care, software development, telecommunications and information services. Mr. Shamji was previously the executive vice-president and chief information officer at The Ottawa Hospital; chief operating officer at Macadamian Technologies headquartered in Québec with offices in Toronto, California, Armenia and Romania; president of Privasoft Corporation, headquartered in Ottawa with offices in Virginia and Brentford, UK; and president of Time iCR in Ottawa, which was acquired by Rogers Communications where Mr. Shamji served as the vice-president of Professional Services. Mr. Shamji has also spent several years in the United States where he was chief operating officer of TeleHub Network Services in Chicago; president of LD Exchange in California; and vice-president of Network Services for Fidelity in California. Prior to that, Mr. Shamji held several senior level positions in Toronto with AT&T Canada, Unitel Communications and Nortel.

Mr. Shamji is an associate professor at the Telfer School of Business, , a former board member for FOCUS Canada (provides global humanitarian assistance) and an active member of the Aga Khan Volunteer Corps of Ottawa. He has also served on many boards, including TeleHub Network Services, Time iCR, Privasoft and The Ottawa Hospital. Mr. Shamji has a computer engineering degree from McMaster University in Hamilton and received his professional engineering designation in 1991.


Rose M. Carter, QC

Edmonton, Alta.

Rose M. Carter

Ms. Rose Carter has 30 years of extensive experience in the field of health law. She is an authority on pressing issues for members of the medical community including, but not limited to, initiatives such as Non-Hospital Surgical Facilities (NHSFs), long-term care facilities and entering medical practice from foreign jurisdictions. She also has expertise on regulatory matters and governance issues facing medical professionals.

Ms. Carter has represented clients at all levels of court in Alberta, as well as served on tribunals, various administrative panels and professional regulatory bodies.

To complement her practice, Ms. Carter is an adjunct professor in the Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry at the University of Alberta. She has received wide recognition as a frequent lecturer to health care providers on topics such as physician regulation, administrative law, navigating the requirements of medical assistance in dying, the establishment of NHSFs, privacy concerns, dealings with provincial/territorial medical regulatory authorities, various aspects of health policy, licensing and bioethical issues, and medical negligence.

Ms. Carter has been recommended by The Canadian Legal Lexpert Directory for over a decade and has been recognized by Best Lawyers in Canada 10 times as one of Canada’s leading personal injury litigation lawyers. During her six-year term as a ”Bencher” of the Law Society of Alberta, she was very involved in administrative law, discipline proceedings and general administration and governance matters.

Ms. Carter is a member at large for the Medical Council of Canada where she serves on its executive board. She also chairs its appeals committee and is vice chair of its finance committee. In addition, she is a member of the Stem Cell Research Committee for the Aga Khan Foundation. Ms. Carter has also been a reviewer for the peer-reviewed McGill Journal of Law and Health.


Henry Annan, MD

Henry Annan, MD

Dr. Henry Annan is a third-year Pediatrics resident at the Dalhousie Medical School. He is currently completing a Master of Public Policy at the Blavatnik School of Government at the University of Oxford.

Dr. Annan brings a breadth of experience in Canadian medical education leadership. From 2017-18, he represented medical students nationally as the president of the Canadian Federation of Medical Students (CFMS). During his tenure as president, he collaborated with provincial governments and national medical organizations, including the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, to develop strategies to address the mismatch between graduating Canadian medical students and available residency positions.

Furthermore, he worked to increase collaboration between the Royal College and Canadian medical students, including organizing a joint symposium on Competency Based Medical Education (CBME) for medical students and formalizing medical student representation on the Royal College’s Regional Advisory Committees (RACs) and Fellowship Affairs Committee (FAC).

He served as a member for a term of two years on the AFMC Resident Matching Committee (ARMC) established by the Association of Faculties of Medicine of Canada (AFMC), as well as the Physician Resources Planning Advisory Committee (PRPAC) and the Canadian Medical Forum (CMF).

Dr. Annan also brings experience in governance, having served on the Canadian Medical Association (CMA) Board of Directors (2017-2019) and as the chair of the CFMS Board of Directors (2018-19). At the local level, he has served on the boards of the Health Association of African Canadians (HAAC) and currently on Réseau Santé Nouvelle-Écosse.

Dr. Annan’s interests include medical education and physician leadership as well as global health, health equity and how medical training can be used as a vehicle to advance these topics. As a member of Council, he hopes to offer a strong medical learner perspective to Council’s discussions and deliberations, while helping shape the Royal College’s long-term strategy.


Brian Cummings, CPA, CA, MD, FRCPC, FCAP, FASCP

Brian Cummings

Dr. Brian Cummings is both an anatomical pathologist and a chartered accountant. He has a full-time practice at Grand River Hospital and St. Mary's General Hospital in Kitchener, Ontario. While completing all prerequisites for admission to medical school, he attained his chartered accountant designation in 1986 and taught taxation as well as managerial accounting at the University of Prince Edward Island from 1989 to 1991. Dr. Cummings graduated from medical school in 1995 and became a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada in 2002.

Since starting medical school in 1991, Dr. Cummings has been intimately involved in advocating for accounting, tax and the financial well-being of medical students, residents and practising physicians in Canada. In 2002, he joined Practice Solutions (subsequently Joule) as a physician consultant responsible for the development, implementation and delivery of practice management curriculum to specialty residents across Canada.

In addition, he has been a frequent guest speaker for many specialty societies on various facets of management of a physician’s practice, including financial and insurance planning topics. Dr. Cummings has developed a number of tools, including the guide “Tax Tips for Physicians and Physicians in Training,” which is available on the Canadian Medical Association (CMA) website. In 2015, he became a co-presenter for the course “Dollars and sense” for the Physician Leadership Institute.

Dr. Cummings’ volunteer activities include serving as a council member of the Ontario Medical Association (OMA) Section on Laboratory Medicine, secretary-treasurer of the Canadian Association of Pathologists, and as a board member of the Ontario Association of Pathologists. He is currently a member of the Royal College’s Financial Reporting and Risk Oversight Committee (FRROC) and served on the Investment Oversight Committee. In August 2019, he joined the CMA Audit and Finance Committee and subsequently chaired the CMA Pension Plan Sub-Committee.

Dr. Cummings hopes to use his varied background and skills to provide insight to Council, particularly with regard to financial issues.


Salvatore M. Spadafora, MD, FRCPC, MHPE

Salvatore M. Spadafora

Professor Salvatore (Sal) Spadafora is currently on sabbatical after completing his recent appointments as the Senior Advisor to the Dean in the Temerty Faculty of Medicine at the University of Toronto and University of Toronto Special Advisor to the President and Provost on COVID19.

Since 2010, when he was recruited to be Vice Dean of Postgraduate Medical Education (PGME) at the University of Toronto, he has held several leadership roles in Medicine. He has recently served as the Acting Dean of the Faculty of Medicine, in addition to serving since 2015 as the Vice Dean, Post MD Education overseeing PGME, Continuing Professional Development (CPD) and most recently Vice Dean Strategy and Operations at the University of Toronto. Under his guidance, the Faculty's Post MD activities has excelled in the areas of academic oversight, program governance, and the financial management including clinical fellowships and training agreements.

He is a Professor in the Department of Anesthesia and Pain Medicine at the University of Toronto and an anesthesiologist at Mount Sinai Hospital in Toronto. He previously served as Associate Dean, PGME at the Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry at Western University, in addition to many other educational leadership roles provincially and nationally. Dr. Spadafora received his MD from the University of Toronto, followed by Royal College FRCPC Anesthesiology Specialty training at Western University. He also completed his master’s degree in Health Professions Education at the University of Illinois at Chicago. Dr. Spadafora has distinguished himself as a leader in medical education as a past Program Director for the Western University's Royal College Anesthesiology and CFPC Family Medicine-Anesthesia residency programs; and, nationally as a member of important leadership committees of the Canadian Anesthesiologists' Society and the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada where he currently Chairs the Accrediation Committee and is a Member of Royal College Council.

Dr. Spadafora has advocated effectively and tirelessly for medical education to benefit Canadian patient populations with respect to fiscal and human resources, education methodology and technology, and the social mission of medical education including developing strategies to integrate education in urban and small community sites. He has developed models of inter-professional education and assessment and integration of international medical graduates provincially.


Matthieu Touchette, MD, FRCPC, FACP


Dr. Touchette obtained his medical degree from the Université de Sherbrooke and subsequently completed internal medicine training at the same institution, earning his Royal College certification in 2003. He then completed additional training in perioperative medicine at the Groupe Hospitalier Pitié-Salpêtrière in Paris, before returning to the Université de Sherbrooke Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences as an assistant professor. He was appointed associate professor in 2010, and full professor in 2016. He is among the first cohort of general internal medicine specialists at the Royal College, having passed the general internal medicine exam in 2014.

Early in his career, Dr. Touchette was involved in undergraduate teaching, coordinating pre-clinical training years until 2010, and then moved on to postgraduate medical education, serving as director of the university’s core internal medicine and dermatology programs until 2016. He was then appointed Associate Dean for Postgraduate Medical Education, a position he holds to this day. In 2021, he also became chair of the Association of Faculties of Medicine of Canada’s Postgraduate Medical Education Committee.

He has actively participated in several accreditation surveys at the Royal College and has served on its Credentials Committee since 2017. He has also been an active member of the Royal College Internal Medicine Examination Board since 2009.

Dr. Touchette has several publications to his credit and has remained active as a clinician, in teaching, in continuing medical education, and at the Collège des Médecins du Québec. He spent four years as a board member for the Canadian Society of Internal Medicine and 11 years on the board of directors of the Association des spécialistes en médecine interne du Québec, where he helped develop the speciality.


Lind Grant-Oyeye M.D, D.C.P, MSc. FRCPC.

Lind Grant-Oyeye, M.D, D.C.P, MSc. FRCPC

Dr. Lind Grant-Oyeye received her medical degree from the University of Benin, Nigeria. Upon graduation, she pursued further training internationally, obtaining the Royal College of psychiatrists of the United Kingdom membership, the fellowship in general psychiatry, and sub-specialty certification in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry from the Royal College of Physicians of Canada. She is an alum of the Harvard University Safety Quality Informatics and Leadership program (SQIL) and holds a master’s degree in health management, with a public health systems concentration from the Uninettuno university. She is a Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist in the province of New Brunswick. In addition to an extensive clinical experience, over time, she has acquired leadership experience serving in various capacities with local, provincial, national, and international collaborative organizations such as the Royal College of Physicians of Canada (RCPSC), provincial steering committees, and planning advisory groups, and a grant application assessor for the RCPSC IDAC program. Dr. Grant-Oyeye is a member of the following associations: the International Leadership Association (ILA) and the Institute of Corporate Directors of Canada (I.C.D.).